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Grading + Transcript Keys

Grading + Transcript Keys

Current

The grading keys below reflect grades currently available as well as upcoming changes that have been approved and will take effect as of the term shown.   For questions about specific current or historical grades, or for transcript keys not listed on this page, contact us at registrar@case.edu

Letter GradeMeaningQuality PointsNotes
A Excellent 4.000  
A-   3.666 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
B+   3.333 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
B Good 3.000  
B-   2.666 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
C+   2.333 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
C Fair 2.000  
C-   1.666 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
D+   1.333 Schools of Dental Medicine, Law only
D Passing 1.000 Not applicable for Schools of Applied Social Science, Nursing
D-   0.666 Schools of Dental Medicine, Law only
F Failure 0.000  
AD Successful audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
AE Achieves or exceeds competencies n/a School of Medicine only
AP Advanced placement n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
AS Advanced subsidiary n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
COM Commendable n/a School of Medicine only
CR Non-graded course, earns credit n/a  
H Honors n/a Schools of Law (L.L.M.) and Medicine only
I Incomplete n/a  
IB International baccalaureate n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
M Met or exceeded expectations n/a School of Medicine only
NC No credit, credit/no credit course n/a School of Law only
NG Unsuccessful audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
NOG Non-graded Course, no credit n/a  
NP No pass n/a  
P Pass n/a  
PR Proficiency n/a  
R In progress or extends > one term n/a  
S Satisfactory n/a Master’s/doctoral theses, Schools of Law, Medicine, School of Dental Medicine (M.S.D.) only
SA Special audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
TR Transfer n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
U Unsatisfactory n/a Master’s/doctoral theses, Schools of Law, Medicine, School of Dental Medicine (M.S.D.) only
W Withdrawal from the class n/a  
WD Withdrawal from all classes n/a  
WF Withdrawn under Academic Regs. 5 & 6 n/a School of Law only
1 - 69 Nonpassing grade n/a School of Dental Medicine only; not included in GPA
70 - 100 Passing grade n/a School of Dental Medicine only; not included in GPA

 

School of Medicine Grading System

University Program: Core clerkship and clinical electives are graded H, COM, S, AE or U. Preclinical electives are graded P, NP, M or U though June 2009. Beginning July 2009 preclinical courses are graded AE or U.

College Program (Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine): All courses graded M or U through June 2009. Beginning July 2009 all courses graded AE or U. Competencies are used to assess performance and are described here: CCLCM competencies

Physician Assistant Program:  Non-clinical courses are letter graded.  Clinical courses are graded H, COM, S or U.

Note: Cumulative Grade Point Average (GPA) is not applicable to the Doctor of Medicine Program. 

The following grading system will take effect beginning Summer 2016:

 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality PointsNotes
A Excellent 4.000  
A-   3.666 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
B+   3.333 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
B Good 3.000  
B-   2.666 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
C+   2.333 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
C Fair 2.000  
C-   1.666 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law only
D+   1.333 Schools of Dental Medicine, Law only
D Passing 1.000 Not applicable for Schools of Applied Social Science, Nursing
D-   0.666 Schools of Dental Medicine, Law only
F Failure 0.000  
AD Successful audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
AE Achieves or exceeds competencies n/a School of Medicine only
AP Advanced placement n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
AS Advanced subsidiary n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
COM Commendable n/a School of Medicine only
CR Non-graded course, earns credit n/a  
H Honors n/a Schools of Law (L.L.M.) and Medicine only
I Incomplete n/a  
IB International baccalaureate n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
M Met or exceeded expectations n/a School of Medicine only
NC No credit, credit/no credit course n/a School of Law only
NG Unsuccessful audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
NOG Non-graded Course, no credit n/a  
NP No pass n/a  
P Pass n/a  
PR Proficiency n/a  
R In progress or extends > one term n/a  
S Satisfactory n/a Master’s/doctoral theses, Schools of Law, Medicine, School of Dental Medicine (M.S.D.) only
SA Special audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
TR Transfer n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
U Unsatisfactory n/a Master’s/doctoral theses, Schools of Law, Medicine, School of Dental Medicine (M.S.D.) only
W Withdrawal from the class n/a  
WD Withdrawal from all classes n/a  
WF Withdrawn under Academic Regs. 5 & 6 n/a School of Law only

The following grading system will take effect beginning Fall 2016:

 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality PointsNotes
A+   4.333  College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) only*
A Excellent 4.000  
A-   3.666 Schools of Applied Social Sciences, Dental Medicine, Law, and College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) only*
B+   3.333 Schools of Applied Social Sciences, Dental Medicine, Law, and College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) only*
B Good 3.000  
B-   2.666 Schools of Applied Social Science, Dental Medicine, Law, and College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) only*
C+   2.333 Schools of Applied Social Sciences, Dental Medicine, Law, and College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) only*
C Fair 2.000  
C-   1.666 Schools of Applied Social Sciences, Dental Medicine, Law, and College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) only*
D+   1.333 Schools of Dental Medicine, Law only, and College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate)*
D Passing 1.000 Not applicable for Schools of Applied Social Sciences, Nursing
D-   0.666 Schools of Dental Medicine, Law, and College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) only*
F Failure 0.000  
AD Successful audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
AE Achieves or exceeds competencies n/a School of Medicine only
AP Advanced placement n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
AS Advanced subsidiary n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
COM Commendable n/a School of Medicine only
CR Non-graded course, earns credit n/a  
H Honors n/a Schools of Law (L.L.M.) and Medicine only
I Incomplete n/a  
IB International baccalaureate n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
M Met or exceeded expectations n/a School of Medicine only
NC No credit, credit/no credit course n/a School of Law only
NG Unsuccessful audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
NOG Non-graded Course, no credit n/a  
NP No pass n/a  
P Pass n/a  
PR Proficiency n/a  
R In progress or extends > one term n/a  
S Satisfactory n/a Master’s/doctoral theses, Schools of Law, Medicine, School of Dental Medicine (M.S.D.) only
SA Special audit n/a Included in hours attempted, but not in hours earned or GPA
TR Transfer n/a Test credit or transfer credit only
U Unsatisfactory n/a Master’s/doctoral theses, Schools of Law, Medicine, School of Dental Medicine (M.S.D.) only
W Withdrawal from the class n/a  
WD Withdrawal from all classes n/a  
WF Withdrawn under Academic Regs. 5 & 6 n/a School of Law only

*For a list of programs participating in the College of Arts and Sciences (Graduate) plus/minus grading, please visit CAS Graduate Plus-Minus Grading.

Grade point averages are calculated by multiplying the number equivalent of the letter grade by the number of credit hours for the course (this yields grade points) and then dividing by the total number of credit hours. The semester grade point average is computed by dividing the total number of grade points earned at the University during a given semester by the sum of the credit hours for all courses in which the student received letter grades of A, B, C, D or F taken at the University during that same semester.

Letter GradeNumber Equivalents
A 4
B 3
C 2
D 1
F 0

GPA = Quality Points divided by Credit Hours

Example:

CourseCredit HrsGradeQuality Points
MATH 100 4 A 16 (4x4)
CHEM 100 3 C 6 (3x2)
ENGL 100 3 B 9 (3x3)
ANTH 100 3 A 12 (3x4)
BIOL 100 2 F 0 (2x0)
MUSC 100 1 P 0 (n/a not an evaluative grade)

Total GPA Credit Hours = 15

Total Quality Points = 43

GPA = 43/15 = 2.87 
(because MUSC 100 has a grade of "P" it is not included in credit hours for GPA calculation).

Historical

The transcript keys below apply to individual schools that were part of CWRU.  Unless otherwise noted, the transcript key for Case Western Reserve University from 1967 forward applied to all schools.  For more information on the schools that have made up Case Western Reserve University, please see The Schools of CWRU.

 Prior to 1973 

Letter GradeMeaningNotes
A Excellent  
B Good  
C Fair  
D Passing  
F Failure  
P Passing (pass/fail option)  
H Honors (pass/fail option) Nursing only
PD Passed with distinction (pass/fail option) School of Mgmt. only
R Satisfactory - credit earned Graduate and professional schools only
U Unsatisfactory - no credit Graduate and professional schools only
I Incomplete  
R Extended incomplete, no credit Undergraduate schools only
AD Audit  
W Withdrew  
WP Withdrew passing  
WF Withdrew failing  
FW Failure assigned by Registrar (undergraduate)  
UW Failure assigned by Registrar (graduate)  
( ) Hours not earned toward degree  

  1973 to 1987 

Letter GradeMeaningNotes
A Excellent  
B Good  
C Fair  
D Passing  
U Unsatisfactory  
P Passed  
PD Pass with distinction Mgmt. only
H Honors Nursing only
F Failure  
AD Audit  
I Incomplete  
R Satisfactory Graduate only
R Conditional grade Undergraduate only
W Withdrew  
WP Withdrew passing Case only
WF Withdrew failing Case only
CR Credit Western Reserve College only
( ) Hours not averaged or earned toward degree  

  1987 to 2008   

Letter GradeMeaningNotes
A+   Law School only, prior to fall 1994
A Excellent  
A-   Law School, Dental School only
B+   Law School, Dental School only
B Good  
B-   Law School, Dental School only
C+   Law School, Dental School only
C Fair  
C-   Law School, Dental School only
D+   Law School, Dental School only
D Passing Not awarded at the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences and School of Nursing; considered a poor grade for students in the School of Graduate Studies or any professional school
F Failure  
I Incomplete  
IN Incomplete Graduate and professional schools only, beginning fall 1989
R Satisfactory For undergraduate courses which extend more than one semester; final grade issued at conclusion of course
AD Successful audit  
NG Unsuccessful audit Graduate and professional schools prior to fall 1998
P Passing Pass/fail course only
NP Not passing Pass/fail course only
H Honor Law School LL.M. USLS
H High Honors Pass/fail course only; School of Nursing
RPT Repeated course Undergraduates only, available until Summer 2006
S Satisfactory Master/doctoral thesis (also may be used in research courses)
U Unsatisfactory Used in the School of Graduate Studies as punitive through 1990
W Withdrew from the class  
WD Withdrew from all classes Beginning fall 1989
WF Withdrew under Academic Regs. 5&6 Law School only
WU Withdrew from all classes Prior to fall 1989
Z Instructor did not turn in grade  

 Prior to September 1939 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

E

Excellent

3

G

Good

2

F

Fair

1

P

Passing

0

X

Failure

0

 

September 1939 to September 1952 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

3

B

Good

2

C

Fair

1

D

Passing

0

F

Failure

0

I

Incomplete

0

W

Withdrawn without grade

0

WP

Withdrawn, passing

0

WF

Withdrawn, failing

0

 

September 1952 to 1971 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Fair

2

D

Passing

1

F

Failure

0

I

Incomplete

0

W

Withdrawn

0

S

Audit

0

Prior to September 1941 

Letter GradeMeaning

E

Excellent

G

Good

F

Fair

P

Pass

X

Failure

Inc.

Incomplete

 

September 1941 to September 1947 

Letter GradeMeaning

A

90-100

B

80-89

C

70-79

D

60-69

F

Failure

Inc.

Incomplete

 

September 1947 to September 1955 

Letter GradeMeaning

H

Honors

Cr.

Credit

N.C.

No credit

Inc.

Incomplete

 

September 1955 - 1988 

Letter GradeMeaning

A

Excellent

B

Good

C

Poor (minimum passing)

F

Failure

W

Withdrew without grade

WP

Withdrew passing

WF

Withdrew failing

Inc.

Incomplete

Prior to September 1938 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

E

Excellent

4

G

Good

3

F

Fair

2

P

Passed, subject to quality rules

1

D

Deficient, conditioned

0

X

Failed, repeat course

0

 

September 1938 to September 1947 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Fair

2

D

Passing

1

E

Condition with privilege of re-examination

0

F

Failure

0

I

Incomplete

0

W

Withdrawn

0

 

September 1947 - 1953 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Fair

2

D

Passing

1

F

Failure

0

I

Incomplete

0

W

Withdrawn

0

 Undergraduate - Prior to September 1962 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

3

B

Good

2

C

Satisfactory

1

D

Passing

0

F

Failure

-2

Conditional Grades  

I

Incomplete

 

P Passing  
L Audit  
W Withdrew  
WF

Withdrew failing

 
WP Withdrew passing

 

EX Excused  

 

Undergraduate - September 1962 - 1987 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Satisfactory

2

D

Passing

1

F

Failure

0

Conditional Grades  

I

Incomplete

 

P Passing  
L Audit  
W Withdrew  
WF

Withdrew failing

 
WP Withdrew passing

 

EX Excused  

 

Graduate - Prior to September 1963 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

3

B

Good

2

C

Satisfactory

1

D

Unsatisfactory

0

F

Unsatisfactory

-2*

Conditional Grades  

I

Incomplete

 

P Passing  
L Audit  
W Withdrew  
WF

Withdrew failing

 
WP Withdrew passing

 

EX Excused  

* Except during period September 1961 - September 1963 where F=0 quality points

 

Graduate - September 1963 - 1987 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Satisfactory

2

D

Unsatisfactory

0

F

Unsatisfactory

0

I

Incomplete

 

P Passing  
L Audit  
W Withdrew  
WF

Withdrew failing

 
WP Withdrew passing

 

EX Excused  

 Prior to September 1939 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

3

B

Good

2

C

Fair

1

D

Passing

0

E

Failure

1

I

Incomplete

1

W Withdrawn 1
abs Absent from final examination

1

 

September 1939 to September 1968 

GradeMeaningQuality Points - Prior to Sept. 1952Quality Points - Sept. 1952 - Sept. 1968

A

Excellent

3

4

B

Good

2

3

C

Fair

1

2

D

Passing

0

1

F

Failure

1

0

I

Incomplete

1

0

W

Withdrawn

1

0

S

Audit

 

0

 

September 1968 - 1971 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Fair

2

D

Passing

1

F

Failure

0

P

Pass/Fail

0

I

Incomplete

0

W

Withdrawn

0

L Audit 0

 Prior to September 1939 

Letter GradeMeaning

E

Excellent

G

Good

F

Fair

P

Passing

D

Failure

Inc.

Incomplete

W Withdrawn

 

September 1939 - 1945

Letter GradeMeaning

A

Excellent

B

Good

C

Fair

D

Passing

F

Failure

Inc.

Incomplete

Wd.

Withdrawn

 Prior to September 1939 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

E

Excellent

3

G

Good

2

F

Fair

1

P

Pass

0

D

Deficient

0

X

Deficient without privilege of re-examination

-1

 

September 1939 to September 1945 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

3

B

Good

2

C

Fair

1

D

Passing

0

E

Deficient

-1

F

Deficient without privilege of re-examination

-1

 

 September 1945 - 1971 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points - Prior to Sept. 1952Quality Points - Sept. 1952 - 1971

A

Excellent

3

4

B

Good

2

3

C

Fair

1

2

D

Passing

0

1

F

Failure

-1

0

I

Incomplete

-1

0

W Withdrawn    
S Audit   0

 Prior to September 1941 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points - Undergraduate Only

E

Excellent

4

G

Good

3

F

Fair

2

P

Passing

1

X

Failure

0

W

Withdrawn

0

 

 September 1941 to February 1954 

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points - Undergraduate Only

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Fair

2

D

Passing

1

E

Condition

 

F

Failure

0

W Withdrawn 0
I Incomplete 0
S Audit 0

 

Since February 1954 - 1967 (for grading system in effect after 1967, see Case Western Reserve University.

Undergraduate

Letter GradeMeaningQuality Points

A

Excellent

4

B

Good

3

C

Fair

2

D

Passing

1

F

Failure

0

W

Withdrawn

0

I Incomplete 0
S Audit 0

 

Graduate

Letter GradeMeaning

A

Excellent

B

Good

C

Fair

F

Failure

W

Withdrawn without grade

WP

Withdrawn, passing

WF Withdrawn, failing
I Incomplete
S Audit

 

 Prior to September 1939  

Letter GradeMeaning

Cr.

Credit (good or excellent)

U

Undergraduate credit

N.C.

No credit

H or A

Auditor

W

Withdrew

Inc

Incomplete

 

September 1939 to Febraury 1942 

Letter GradeMeaning

A

Excellent

B

Good

C

Fair

D

Pass

F

Failure

W

Withdrew

Aud Auditor
Inc Incomplete

 

February 1942 to September 1948 

Letter GradeMeaning

H

Honors

Cr.

Credit

N.C.

No Credit

Aud

Auditor

W Withdrew
Inc Incomplete
U Undergraduate

 

September 1948 - 1967 

Letter GradeMeaning

A

Excellent

B

Good

C

Passing

F

Failure

W

Withdrew without grade

WP

Withdrew passing

WF

Withdrew failing

Aud

Auditor

Inc Incomplete
U Undergraduate
L or S Audit

 

 Prior to September 1939 

Letter GradeMeaning

E

Excellent

G

Good

F

Fair

P

Pass

D

Deficient

Cr.

Credit

Aud. Audit
Inc. Incomplete

 

 September 1939 to September 1948 

Letter GradeMeaning

A

Excellent

B

Good

C

Fair

D

Pass

E

Deficient

Cr.

Credit

Aud. Audit
Inc.

Incomplete

 

September 1948 - 1981 

Letter GradeMeaning

A

Excellent

B

Good

C

Passing

F

Failure

W

Withdrew without grade

WP

Withdrew passing

WF Withdrew failing
Cr. Credit
Aud. Audit

See current grading system for information on the School of Medicine grading system.