Medical Economics.  1998;75:104-106, 109-110, 113-114, 116.

 

6  Adams EK and Zuckerman S.  Variation in the growth and incidence of

medical malpractice claims.  Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. 

1984;9:475-488.

 

7  Adams and Zuckerman.  Variation. Health Politics, etc.

 

8  Edwards.  Malpractice crisis.  Ohio State Medical Journal,etc..

 

9  Curran WJ.  Medical malpractice claims since the crisis of 1975: Some good

news and some bad.  NEJM.  1983;309:1107-1108.

 

10 Edwards.  Malpractice crisis.  Ohio State Medical Journal, etc.

 

11 Sloan RA and Bovbjerg RR.  Medical Malpractice: Crisis, Response, and

                Effects.”  Health Insurance Assoc. of America Research Bulletin, May

1987.

 

12 “Malpractice: Awards bounce upward again.”  Medical Economics. 

1996;73 (June 10):37.

 

13 Japsen, B.  Malpractice claims remain stable.  Modern Healthcare.  1995;25

(Jan 9, 1995):18. 

 

14 1998: a year when malpractice awards mushroomed.  Medical Economics. 

2000;77(July 10):26.

 

15 Korcok M.  US malpractice premiums soar again.  Canadian Medical

Association Journal.  2002;166(April 30):1195.

 

16 Oshel RE, Croft T, and Rodak J.  The National Practitioner Data Bank: the first

            4 years.  Public Health Reports.  1995;110:383-394.

17 NPDB 2001 annual report, Table 1 in Appendix.  http://www.npdb-

hipdb.com/pubs/stats/2001%20NPDB%20Annual%20Report.pdf.  Accessed on 4/14/03.   

 

18 NPDB 2001 annual report, Table 2 in Appendix.  http://www.npdb-

hipdb.com/pubs/stats/2001%20NPDB%20Annual%20Report.pdf.  Accessed on 4/14/03.   

 

19 NPDB 2001 annual report, Table 9 in Appendix.  http://www.npdb-

hipdb.com/pubs/stats/2001%20NPDB%20Annual%20Report.pdf.  Accessed on 4/14/03.   

 

20 NPDB 2001 annual report, Table 6 in Appendix.  http://www.npdb-

hipdb.com/pubs/stats/2001%20NPDB%20Annual%20Report.pdf.  Accessed on 4/14/03.   

 

21 NPDB 2001 annual report, Table 9 in Appendix.  http://www.npdb-

hipdb.com/pubs/stats/2001%20NPDB%20Annual%20Report.pdf.  Accessed on 4/14/03.   

 

22 Ibid.

 

23 Korcok.  US premiums soar again.  CMAJ. 

 

24 Map of America’s Liability Crisis. 

               http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/7861.html   Accessed on

4/23/03.

25 USA Today, March 5, 2003, Final edition, News pg. 1A, “Special report: Hype

outraces facts in malpractice debate,” by Peter Eisler, Julie Appleby, and Martin

Kasindorf.

 

26 National Academy Press, “To Err is Human” (2000), Executive Summary at 2.

27 Rice B. Do doctors kill 80,000 patients a year?  Medical Economics.

1994;71:46-56.

28 Ibid.

29 Gray J.  Here’s looking at malpractice, Medical Economics, 1998.

30 1998: a year when malpractice awards mushroomed.  Medical Economics. 

2000;77(July 10):26.

 

31 The Associated Press State & Local Wire, November 24, 2002, BC cycle,

State and Regional, “Insurance companies blamed for rising malpractice

rates” by Andrew Welsh-Huggins, Columbus, OH. 

 

32 USA Today, March 5, 2003, “Special report by Eisler, Appleby and Kasindorf. 

 

33 Ibid.

 

34 Taragin MI, Karns ME, Trout R, and Carson JL.  Physician demographics

and the risk of medical malpractice.  The American Journal of Medicine. 

1992;93:537-542.

35  Taragin MI, Sonnenberg  FA, Karns ME, Trout R, Shapiro S, and Carson JL. 

Does physician performance explain inter-specialty differences in malpractice

claim rates?  Medical Care.  1994;32:661-667.

 

36 Ely JW, Dawson JD, Young PR, Doebbeling BN, Goerdt CJ, Elder NC, and

Olick RS.  Malpractice claims against family physicians:  Are the best

doctors sued more?  The Journal of Family Practice.  1999;48:23-30.

 

37  The Associated Press, November 24, 2002, “Insurance companies blamed…”

by Welsh-Huggins, Columbus, OH. 

 

38 Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate.

            http://www.appwp.org/documents/cboestimatehr4600ec.pdf

            Accessed on 4/23/03. 

 

39 Business Insurance, January 27, 2003, Pg. 1, “Malpractice reform heats up;

Doctors’ insurance costs, losses attracting state and federal attention,” by

Roberto Ceniceros.

 

40 The Recorder, February 13, 2003, NEWS; Vol. 2; No. 13-2003; Pg. Hechler,

“Trial lawyers declare war against tort reform,” by David Hechler. 

 

41 “AMA issues bogus “study” – ignores insurance industry’s sole responsibility

for causing premium crisis for doctors.” 

http://www.commondreams.org/news2002/0618-06.htm.  Accessed

           on 4/15/03

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Further Reading

 

Books

 

De Ville, Kenneth Allen.  Medical malpractice in nineteenth-century America:

            Origins and legacy.  New York, NY:  New York University Press, 1990.

 

Werth, Barry.  Damages:  One family’s legal struggles in the world of medicine. 

New York, NY:  Simon & Schuster, 1998.

           

Howard, Phillip K.  The Death of Common Sense: How law is suffocating America. 

            Random House, 1995.

 

 

Journal articles

 

Harvard Medical Study I

Brennan TA, Leape LL, Laird NM, Hebert NM, Localio L, Lawthers AG, Newhouse JP,

Weiler PC, and Hiatt HH.  Incidence of adverse events and negligence in

hospitalized patients.  New England Journal of Medicine.  1991;324:370-376.

 

Harvard Medical Study II

Leape LL, Brennan TA, Laird N, Lawthers AG, Localio AR, Barnes BA, Hebert L,

Newhouse JP, Weiler PC, and Hiatt HH.  The nature of adverse events in

hospitalized patients.  New England Journal of Medicine.  1991;324:377-384.

 

Harvard Medical Study III

Localio AR, Lawthers AG, Brennan TA, Laird NM, Hebert LE, Peterson LM, Newhouse

JP, Weiler PC, and Hiatt HH.  Relation between malpractice claims and adverse

events due to negligence.  New England Journal of Medicine.  1991;325:245-

251.

 

Liang BA.  Error in medicine:  Legal impediments to U.S. reform.  Journal of Health

            Politics, Policy and Law.  1999;24:27-58.

 

Websites

 

The American Tort Reform Association                        http://www.atra.org/

 

The Center for Justice & Democracy                        http://www.centerjd.org/

 

The Public Citizen                        http://www.citizen.org/

             Premium Deceit Study             http://www.centerjd.org/press/stories/01-09-17.htm

 

The American Medical Association            http://www.ama-

                                                                            assn.org/ama/pub/category/7861.html