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Curriculum Vitae
 
 
 

Scott W. Simpson, Ph.D.

Department of Anatomy
CWRU-School of Medicine
10900 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, Ohio  44106

Phone:  216/368-1946 
FAX:  216/368-8669 
Email: sws3@po.cwru.edu

Education / Appointments/ Publications / Published Abstracts / Presentations / Grants Awards / Teaching / Fieldwork / Students


Education top

PhD - Biological Anthropology 1992 
         Division of Biomedical Sciences - Biological Anthropology Program 
         Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 
         Dissertation: 'A Comparison of Dental Development Among Hominoids.' 
         Dissertation Minor: Developmental biology 
MA - Anthropology 1987 
         Department of Anthropology 
         Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 
         Thesis: 'Stress and Survivorship on the Georgia Coast.' 
BA - Anthropology 1981 
         Department of Sociology and Anthropology 
         University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 
 

Primary Appointments  top
2001-Present      Associate Professor
                               Case Western Reserve University - School of Medicine
                               Cleveland, Ohio  44106-4930
1994-2001          Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy 
                               Case Western Reserve University - School of  Medicine 
                               Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4930 

Secondary Appointments
1999-Present      Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology 
                               Case Western Reserve University 
                               Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7125 
1997-Present      Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 
                               Case Western Reserve University - School of Dentistry 
                               Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4905 
1995-Present      Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry 
                               CWRU - School of Dentistry Additional Appointments 
1996-Present      Research Associate, Laboratory of Physical Anthropology 
                               Cleveland Museum of Natural History 
                               Cleveland, Ohio 44106-1767 

Previous Positions
1992-1994           Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy
                               Palmer College, Davenport, Iowa 
1992                   Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy 
                               Case Western Reserve University - School of Medicine 
1987-1992           Teaching Fellow, Department of Anthropology, Kent State University 
1988                   Research Assistant, Department of Anatomy 
                               Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio 
 

Publications top

Simpson, SW 2001 Patterns of growth perturbation in La Florida: Evidence from mandibular canine enamel microstructure. in CS Larsen (ed.) The Bioarchaeology of La Florida: The Impact of Colonialism. University of Florida Press: Gainesville, Florida. 

White, TD; Suwa, G; Simpson, S; & Asfaw, B 2000 Jaws and teeth of Australopithecus afarensis  from Maka, Middle Awash, Ethiopia. American Journal of Physical
Anthropology. 111:45-68. 

Kunos, CA; Simpson, SW; Russell, KF; & Hershkovitz, I 1999 The use of the the first rib to age human skeletal material. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 110:303-324. 

Simpson, SW 1999 Reconstructing patterns of growth disruption from enamel microstructure. in  R Hoppa & C Fitzgerald (eds.). Human Growth in the Past. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 241-263. 

Asfaw, B; White, T; Lovejoy, O; Latimer, B; Simpson, S; & Suwa, G 1999  Cladistics and early  hominid phylogeny: Reply to Strait & Grine. Science 285:1209. 

Asfaw, B; White, T; Lovejoy, O; Latimer, B; Simpson, S; & Suwa, G 1999  Australopithecus garhi:  A new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. Science 284:629-635. 

Simpson, SW & Kunos, CA 1998 A radiographic study of the development of the human  mandibular dentition. Journal of Human Evolution 35:479-506 

Larsen, CS; Crosby, AW; Griffin, MC; Hutchinson, DL; Ruff, CB; Russell, KF; Schoeninger, MJ; Sering, LE; Simpson, SW; Takacs, JL; & Teaford; MF 1998 A biohistory of health and behavior in the Georgia Bight: 1. The agricultural transition and the impact of European contact. in  Steckel, RH & Rose, JC (Eds.) The Backbone of History: Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press. 

Hershkovitz, I; Latimer, B; Jellema, LM; & Simpson, SW 1997 Dental pathology at the origin of  agriculture in the Levant: A case of changes in dietary habits, bacteria, or differences in  immunological response? in M Schultz (Ed.) Advances in Paleopathology.

Hershkovitz, I; Kelly, J; Latimer, B; Rothschild, BM; Simpson, SW; Polak, J; Rosenberg, B 1997 Oral bacteria in Miocene Sivapithecus. Journal of Human Evolution  33:507-512. 

Simpson, SW; Russell, KF; & Lovejoy, CO 1996 Comparison of diaphyseal growth between the  Libben population and Hamann-Todd chimpanzee sample. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 99:67-78. 

Meindl, RS; Bedford, ME; Russell, KF; & Simpson, SW 1995 Testing the test of the multifactorial  aging method: A reply to Fairgrieve and Oost. American Journal of
Physical Anthropology. 97:85-87. 

Simpson, SW 1995 'Australopithecus afarensis and human evolution.' in Research Frontiers in  Anthropology. CR Ember & M Ember (Eds). Prentice Hall. 

Russell, KF; Simpson, SW; Genovese, J; Kinkel, MD; Meindl, RS; & Lovejoy, CO 1993 'An  independent test of the fourth rib aging technique'. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 92:53-62. 

Bedford, ME; Russell, KF; Lovejoy, CO; Meindl, RS; Simpson, SW; & Stuart-Macadam, PL 1993  'Test of the multifactorial aging method using skeletons with known ages-at-death from the Grant collection.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology 91:287-298 

Simpson, SW & McCollum, MA 1993 'The premaxilla in African apes: A comment on Mooney and Siegel (1991)'. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 90:247-252. 

Simpson, SW; Lovejoy, CO; & RS Meindl 1992 'Further evidence on relative dental maturation and  somatic developmental rate in hominoids'. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 87:29-38. 

Simpson, SW; Lovejoy, CO; & RS Meindl 1991 'Relative dental development in hominoids and its  failure to predict somatic growth velocity'. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.  86:113-120.

Simpson, SW; Lovejoy, CO; & RS Meindl 1990 'Hominoid dental maturation'.  Journal of Human  Evolution 19:285-297. 

Simpson, SW; Hutchinson, DL; & Larsen, CS 1990 'Coping with stress: Tooth size, enamel defects, and age-at-death'. American Museum of Natural History Papers in Anthropology 68:66-77. 

Lovejoy, CO; Kern, KF; Simpson, SW; & Meindl, RS 1989 'A new method for estimation of skeletal dimorphism in fossil samples with an application to 'Australopithecus afarensis'. in: G. Giacobini (ed.) Hominidae. Proceedings of the 2nd Congress of Human Paleontology, Jaca Books:Milan, Italy. Pp. 103-108. 

Simpson, SW 1984 'The new cranium from Ossipee, New Hampshire'. Man in the Northeast.  24:147-150. 

Simpson, SW 1984 'Human skeletal remains from Concord, New Hampshire'. The New
Hampshire Archeologist 25(1):66-73. 
 

Published Abstracts top

Simpson, SW; Semaw, S; Shick, K; Toth, N; Quade, N; Dominguez-Rodrigo, M; & Rogers, M     2001  Early Pliocene hominid remains from Gona, Ethiopia.  Journal of Human Evolution  40:A21-22. 

Semaw, S; Shick, K; Toth, N; Rogers, M; Quade, J; Simpson, SW; & Dominguez-Rodrigo, M   2001   Further 2.5-2.6 million year old artifacts, new Plio-Pleistocene archaeological sites and hominid  discoveries from Gona, Ethiopia. Journal of Human Evolution 40:A20. 

Collaco, JM & Simpson, SW 2000 Human forearm muscle architecture. American
Journal of  Physical Anthropology. Supplement 30:127-128. 

Smith, EJ & Simpson, SW 2000 A new method of measuring 3D internal dental dimensions.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 30:284-285. 

Ohman, JC; Lovejoy, CO; Simpson, SW; & Latimer, BL 2000 Skeletal variability and functional  morphology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement
30:242-243. 

Reno, PL; Lovejoy, CO; Kern, KF; Simpson, SW; & Meindl, RS 1999 'Estimation of sexual dimorphism in fossil species including Australopithecus afarensis: A new technique and tests of  its accuracy using extant hominoids. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 28:231. 

Kunos, CA; Simpson, SW; & Latimer, B 1998 'Ontogeny of human and African ape distal tibiae: Implications for the evolution of bipedality.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 26:144-145. 

Larsen, CS; Crosby, AW; Griffin, MC; Hutchinson, DL; Ruff, CB; Teaford, MF;  Russell, KF;  Schoeninger, MJ; Sering, LE; & Simpson, SW 1998 'A biohistory of health and behavior in the  Georgia Bight.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 26:146-147. 

Simpson, SW 1997 'Patterns of growth perturbation in La Florida: Evidence from enamel  microstructure.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 24:212. 

Larsen, CS; Crosby, AW; Griffin, MC; Hutchinson, DL; Ruff, CB; Russell, KF; 
Schoeninger, MJ;  Sering, LE; Simpson, SW; Takacs, JL; Teaford, MF 1997 A biohistory of health and behavior in  the Georgia Bight: Interfacing economics and human biology. Journal of Economic History 58:558. 

Kunos, CA; Simpson, SW; & Latimer, B 1997 'Evolutionary skeletal modifications of the distal  tibial metaphysis in response to habitual bipedality.' FASEB 11(3):A289. 

Russell, KF; Simpson, SW; Meindl, RS; & Lovejoy, CO 1996 'Accuracy of the (modified)  Gustafsen method of dental age estimation compared to other skeletal indicators of age.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 22:205. 

Simpson, SW 1995 'Development of the permanent dentition in the Libben population'. American  Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 20:195-196. 

Simpson, SW & Russell, KF 1994 'A comparison of long bone growth between chimpanzees and  humans.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 18:181. 

Simpson, SW 1993 'Hominoid root cone angles and its relationship with dental and somatic  growth rate.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 16:180. 

Russell, KF; Bedford, ME; Lovejoy, CO; Meindl, RS; Simpson, SW; & Stuart-Macadam, PL 1991  'An independent test of the multifactorial aging technique.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 12:156. 

Simpson, SW; Lovejoy, CO; & Meindl, RS 1989 'Rate and pattern in early hominid dental  maturation.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 78:303. 

Simpson, SW (nd) 'Summary of archeological research at 41CO141: 1987 season.' Manuscript on  file Institute of Applied Sciences, University of North Texas. 

Simpson, SW; Hutchinson, DL; & Larsen, CS 1986 'Stress and survivorship at European contact  on the Georgia coast.' American Journal of Physical Anthropology 69:265. 
 

Presentations at Professional Meetings (not including abstracts/presentations listed above)  top

Kunos, CA; Simpson, SW; & Latimer, B 1997 'Evolutionary skeletal modifications of the distal tibial metaphysis in response to habitual bipedality.' American Association of Anatomists, Experimental Biology Section, FASEB. New Orleans, LA. 

Kunos, CA; Simpson, SW; & Latimer, B 1997 'The distal tibial metaphysis: Implications for the  evolution of bipedality.' Midwest Connective Tissue Workshop, Cleveland, OH. 

Simpson, SW 1996 1. Dental developmental pattern in extinct hominids (presenter/discussant) &  2. Evolutionary changes in enamel microstructure in the last five million years   presenter/discussant). Workshop in Enamel Structure and Development, and its Application in Hominid Evolution and Taxonomy. Paris, France. 

Lovejoy, CO; Simpson, SW; Kern, KF; & Meindl, RS 1988 'The estimation of sexual dimorphism  in fossil species: A new technique with application to Australopithecus afarensis.' Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Anthropological Association, Phoenix, Arizona. (Invited paper) 

Lovejoy, CO; Kern, KF; Simpson, SW; & Meindl, RS 1987 'A new method for estimation of  skeletal dimorphism in fossil samples with an application to Australopithecus afarensis.' Second International Congress of Human Paleontology. Turin, Italy. (Invited paper) 
 

Grants  top

  • 'Microstructural and developmental anatomy of the dentition of Ardipithecus ramidus.' 1998-2002  National Science Foundation. SBR-9727519. 
  • 'Dental Microanatomy in African Apes and Humans.' 1995 Research Initiation Grant, Research  Administration, Case Western Reserve University. 
  • 'Bioarchaeological investigation of native responses to European colonization of La Florida:  Enamel histology (Subcontract).' 1993 PI: CS Larsen, PhD National Science Foundation.  SBR-9305391. 
  • Travel Grants (2) to conduct paleontological (Middle Awash Region, Ethiopia) and museum  research (Ethiopian National Museum)  Funded by Palmer Institute of  Graduate Studies and Research. 1992, 1993 

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Teaching (*=Graduate or Graduate/Undergraduate Course)  top

Case Western Reserve University - School of Medicine
     Director - Human Gross Anatomy (Years I&II MD students) 1995-current 
     Co-Director - Surgical Anatomy of the Trunk (Year IV MD students) 1995-1998 
     ANAT 411 Human Gross Anatomy (team taught course)* 
     ANAT 377/477 Human Musculoskeletal Anatomy* ( formerly Human Osteology*) 
     ANAT 399 Undergraduate Independent Study 
Case Western Reserve University - School of Dentistry
     Co-Director - Human Gross Anatomy (Year I DDS) 1997-1999 
Cleveland Clinic - South Pointe Hospital  (Residents & Graduate students) 
     Gross Anatomy of the Trunk. 2000 
Palmer College - Fundamentals of Anatomy, Human Gross Anatomy, Graduate 
     Seminar*, Hominid Paleontology*, Evolutionary Morphology* 
Kent State University - Department of Anthropology 
     Principles of Biological Anthropology; Human Evolution; Human Paleontology*; 
     Human Musculo-Skeletal Anatomy*; Data Analysis and Statistics Lab 
Kent State University - Department of Biology - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 
     (Temporary Instructor) 
 

Awards  top

  • Kaiser-Permanente Teaching Excellence Award in Pre-Clinical training, CWRU- SoM. 1999. 
  • Northern Ohio Live magazine Award for Achievement in Science and Technology. 1999. 
  • University Fellowship - Kent State University. 1991-1992. 
  • Teaching Fellowships (4) - Kent State University. 1987-1991. 

Teaching Materials Developed

  • Human gross anatomy web page for CWRU-SOM Year I medical education. 
  • Computer animation of embryology of GI tract with Madeleine Kersting, Lisa Bedford, and Rick Hall of the Cleveland Institute of Art. 1995-1996. Used in the 

  • CWRU-SoM core curriculum. 


Research (Fossil, Skeletal, Radiological ) Collections Studied

  • Libben Collection, KSU, Anthropology: Modern Human 
  • Modern Human Material from La Forida of southeastern USA
  • Hamann-Todd Osteological Collection, Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, CMNH 
  • Johns Hopkins Fetal Skull Collection, Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, CMNH 
  • Bolton-Brush Growth Study Center, CWRU-School of Dentistry 
  • Ethiopian National Museum, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Pliocene to Recent 

  • Hominids and Fauna 
  • Museum of Paleontology, Barcelona, Spain: Middle Miocene Hominoids 

  • (Dryopithecines) 
  • Museum of Paleontology, Florence, Italy: Middle Miocene Hominoids (Oreopithecus) 
  • Kenya National Museums, Nairobi, Kenya: Miocene to Recent Hominoids and 

  • Hominids 
  • Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, South Africa: Pliocene and Pleistocene Hominids 
  • University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa: Plio-Pleistocene Hominids

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Paleontological Fieldwork  top

  • Gona Paleoanthropological Research Project. Project Paleontologist. 

  • Paleontological survey, excavation, documentation, and analysis of all hominid and non-hominid fossils from the  Pliocene to Pleistocene deposits in the Afar Depression, Ethiopia. PI: Dr. Sileshi Semaw,  Indiana University in conjunction with the Ethiopian Ministry of Information and Culture. 1999, 2000, 2001. 
  • Middle Awash Research Project. Hominid Paleontologist. 

  • Paleontological survey and excavations of Miocene to Pleistocene deposits in the Afar Depression, Ethiopia.  PI: Dr TD White, University of California, Berkeley in conjunction with the Ethiopian Ministry of  Information and Culture.1992, 1993-1994, 1994, 1995-1996, 1996-1997, 1997, 1998-1999. 


Archeological Fieldwork

  • Field supervisor at the Nobles Pond Paleoindian site, Massillon, Ohio with Dr. Mark Seeman,  Department of Anthropology, Kent State University. 1988. 
  • Crew Chief with the Lake Ray Roberts Archeological Project conducted by Dr R Ferring of the Institute of Applied Sciences associated with North Texas State University (now University of North Texas), Denton, Texas for the Army Corps of Engineers. 1987. 
  • Laboratory supervisor and field assistant for the Santa Catalina de Guale Mission Project as  part of the continuing St. Catherines Island Anthropological Project,  St. Catherines Island,  Georgia conducted by Drs DH Thomas and CS Larsen for the American Museum of Natural  History, New York, New York. 1982-1986. 
  • Field assistant for the Richland-Chambers Creeks Reservoir Project conducted by Dr LM Raab and JE Bruseth of the Archeology Research Program associated with Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas for the Tarrant County Water Board. 1983. 
  • Other fieldwork includes projects for Kent State University, 1992; Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1984, 1986-1988, 1991; Florida State Museum at the Santa Catalina de Guale Mission at Santa Maria, Amelia Island, Florida, 1986; USDA-Forest Service at the Daniel Boone National Forest, Stanton, Kentucky, 1982; 175 Water Street Project, New York, New York conducted by Soil Systems, Inc. of Marietta, Georgia for the George Fuller Company, 1982;  Archeological Research Service, UNH (including Field School), 1978-1981; and Ohio Wesleyan University, 1977. 

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Postdoctoral, Graduate and Undergraduate Students - Research and Advising  top

Postdoctoral Advisor
Emma Smith, PhD 1998-2000 (University of Toronto): Enamel microstructure; Hominid evolution 

PhD Advisor
Marianne Reeves 1997-current (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 
Anthropology) PhD Dissertation Advisor: 'Profiling Metabolic Stress in Medieval Denmark  via Analysis of Dental  Enamel Defects'. 

Charles A. Kunos 1997-current (CWRU) PhD Dissertation co-chair, Department 
of Anatomy, CWRU 

Katherine Ford Russell 1996 (KSU) PhD Dissertation Advisor 'Determination 
of Age at Death  from Dental Remains.' Kent State University, School of Biomedical Science. 

MA/MS Advisor
Omar A. Macaraeg 1998 (CWRU): MS - CWRU-SoM, Anatomy: 'Three Dimensional Changes  in Craniofacial Soft Tissue of Ten Bolton Male Faces Using Bi-Orthogonal Cephalograms and 3D CT Images'. 

J. Michael Collaco 1999 (CWRU): MS Chair - CWRU-SoM, Anatomy 

Vinson Vig 1997 (CWRU): MS - CWRU - School of Dentistry  'A Scanning Electron  Microscopic Evaluation of Human Dentinal Tubules According to Gender and its Relationship  to Dentin Hypersensitivity'. 

Charles Kunos 1996-1997 (CWRU): MS (1997-Chair); CWRU-SoM/Anatomy - Winner of the  Hrdlicka Prize at the 1998 American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual meeting.