A Few Definitions

Sexual Assault

Sexual Assault is any unwanted sexual contact. This includes rape, acquaintance rape, incest, forced sodomy, unwanted fondling and kissing, assault with an object, and verbal threats.

Rape

Rape is forced sexual intercourse. "Force" includes physical force, as well as psychological coercion. Vaginal, oral, and anal penetration; attempted rape; and same-sex and opposite-sex forced sexual intercourse are all considered rape.

Acquaintance Rape

Acquaintance rape is forced sexual intercourse between people who know each other. When one person forces, coerces, or manipulates someone they know—whether they've known each other for a year or just met—into having sex against their will, it's still rape. Acquaintance rape is four times more common than stranger rape.

Consent

Consent is an affirmative, conscious decision—indicted clearly by words or actions—to engage in mutually acceptable sex. Nobody can give consent—legally or ethically—if they are under 18, if they are drunk or high, unconscious, frightened, physically or psychologically pressured or forced, intimidated, mentally or physically impaired, beaten, threatened, isolated, or confined.


Legal Terms

Consent

Compliance in or approval of what is done or proposed by another. The voluntary agreement or acquiescence by a person of age or with requisite mental capacity who is not under duress or coercion and usually who has knowledge or understanding.

Felony

A more serious crime than a misdemeanor, carrying a penalty of more than 6 months in prison.

Grand Jury

A body of citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which are presented by the government, and determine whether there is probable cause to believe the offense, was committed.

Gross Sexual Imposition

Have sexual contact with another, not the spouse of the offender (or) cause another, not the spouse of the offender, to have sexual contact with the offender (or) cause two or more persons to have sexual contact. By—purposely compelling the other, or one of the others, to submit by force or threat of force (or) for the purpose of preventing resistance, the offender substantially impairs the judgment or control of the other person, or one of the other persons, by administering a drug or intoxicant, or controlled substance to the other person surreptitiously or by force, threat of force or deception (or) the offender knows that the judgment or control of the other person, or one of the other persons is substantially impaired as a result of the influence of any drug or intoxicant administered to the other person with the other person’s consent for the purpose of any kind of medical or dental examination, treatment or surgery (or) the other person, or one of the other persons, is under 13, regardless of the offender’s knowledge of age (or) the ability of the other person to resist or consent or the ability of one of the other persons to resist or consent is substantially impaired because of a mental or physical condition or because of advanced age, and the offender knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the ability of the other person or one of the other persons is substantially impaired because of mental or physical condition or because of advanced age.

Importuning

To solicit a person under 13 years of age to engage in sexual activity with the offender whether or not the offender knows the age of the person. (or) solicit a person of the same sex to engage in sexual activity with the offender knowing such solicitation is offensive to the other person, or being reckless in this regard. (or) solicit another person, not the spouse of the offender, to engage in sexual conduct with the offender when the offender is 18 or older and 4 or more years older than the other person, and the other person is 13 years of age or older but less than 16. Whether or not the offender knows the age of such person. (or) solicit another by means of a telecommunications device to engage in sexual activity with the offender when the offender is 18 years old or older and either of the following apply: the other person is less than 13, and the offender knows that the other person is less than 13, or is reckless in that regard, (or) the other person is a law enforcement officer posing as a person less than 13, and the offender believes that the other person is less than 13 or is reckless in that regard. (or) solicit another by means of a telecommunications device to engage in sexual activity with the offender when the offender is 18 or older and either of the following apply: the other person is 13 or older but less than 16, and the offender knows the other person is 13 or older but less than 16, (or) is reckless in that regard, and the offender is 4 or more years older than the victim. (or) the other person is a law enforcement officer posing as a person 13 or older but less than 16, and the offender believes that the other person is 13 or older but less than 16 or is reckless in that regard, and the offender is 4 or more years older than the age assumed by the law enforcement officer.

Incest

Sexual intercourse between persons so closely related that they are forbidden by law to marry.

Indictment

The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.

Misdemeanor

A less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.

Prosecute

To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.

Rape

Engage in sexual conduct with another by purposely compelling submission by force or threat of force or, with another, not the offender’s spouse if living separate and apart, if: For purpose of preventing resistance, the offender substantially impairs the victim’s judgment or control by administering any drug, intoxicant, or controlled substance surreptitiously or by force, threat of force or deception. Or, the victim is under 13, regardless of offender’s knowledge of age. Or, the victim’s ability to resist or consent is substantially impaired because of a mental or physical condition or advanced age and the offender knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the victim’s ability to resist or consent is substantially impaired by such condition or advanced age.”

Sexual Assault

“Sexual contact usually that is forced upon a person without consent or inflicted upon a person who is incapable of giving consent (as because of age or physical or mental incapacity) or who places the assailant (as a doctor) in a position of trust.”

Sexual Battery

“Engage in sexual conduct with a person, not the spouse of the offender when: the offender knowingly coerced the other person to submit by any means that would prevent resistance by a person of ordinary resolution (or) the offender knows that the other’s ability to appraise the nature of or control the other person’s own conduct is substantially impaired (or) the offender knows the other person submits because the other person is unaware that the act is being committed (or) the offender knows the other person submits because the other person mistakenly identifies the offender as the other person’s spouse (or) the offender is the other person’s natural/adoptive parent, stepparent, guardian, custodian or person in loco parentis (or) the offender has supervisory or disciplinary authority over the other person and such person is in legal custody or a patient in a hospital or other institution (or) the offender is a teacher, administrator, coach, or other person in authority in a school for which the state board of education prescribes minimum standards in which the other person is enrolled or attends that school and the offender is not enrolled and does not attend that school (or) the other person is a minor, the offender is a teacher , administrator, coach, or other person in authority employed by or serving in an institution of higher education and the other person is enrolled in that institution (or) the other person is a minor, and the offender is the other person’s athletic or other type of coach, is the other person’s instructor, is the leader of a scouting troupe of which the other person is a member, or is a person with temporary or occasional disciplinary control over the other person (or) the offender is a mental health professional, the other person is a mental health client or patient of the offender, and the offender induces the other person to submit by falsely representing to the other person that the sexual conduct is necessary for mental health treatment purposes. (or) the other person is confined in a detention facility, and the offender is an employee of that facility.”

Sexual Contact

Any touching of an erogenous zone of another, including without limitation the thigh, genitals, buttock, pubic region, or, if the other person is female, a breast, for the purpose of sexually arousing or gratifying either person.

Sexual Conduct

Vaginal intercourse between a male and a female, and anal intercourse, fellatio, and cunnilingus between persons regardless of sex; and the insertion, however slight, of any part of the body or any instrument, apparatus or other object into the vaginal or anal cavity of another. Penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete vaginal or anal intercourse.

Sexual Imposition

Have sexual contact with another, not the spouse of the offender (or) cause another, not the spouse of the offender, to have sexual contact with the offender (or) cause two or more other persons to have sexual contact When—the offender knows that the sexual contact is offensive to the other person, or one of the other persons, or is reckless in that regard (or) the offender knows that the other person’s, or one of the other persons’, ability to appraise the nature of or control the offender, or the touching person’s conduct is substantially impaired (or) the offender knows that the other person, or one of the other persons, submits because of being unaware of the sexual contact (or) the other person, or one of the other persons, is 13 years of age or older, but less that 16 years of age, regardless of the offender’s knowledge of this, and the offender is at least 18 and 4 or more years older than such other person (or) the offender is a mental health professional , the other person or one of the other persons is a mental health client or patient of the offender, and the offender induces the other person who is the client or patient to submit by falsely representing to the other person who is the client or patient that the sexual contact is necessary for mental health treatment purposes.

Sodomy

Oral or anal sexual contact or penetration between persons or of sexual intercourse between a person and an animal.

Temporary Restraining Order

Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.

Unlawful Sexual Conduct with a Minor

No person who is eighteen years of age or older shall engage in sexual conduct with another... when the offender knows such other person is at least thirteen years of age but less than sixteen years of age, or the offender is reckless in that regard.


Sources:

Ohio Criminal Code 2003 - Anderson Publishing
Findlaw for Legal Professionals