Information on EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE can be found in many libraries as well as at a number of reliable internet resources.
From this web page, you will find reliable sources in the health sciences.
EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE is defined as the process of systematically finding, appraising, and using contemporaneous research findings as the basis for clinical decisions. Evidence-based medicine asks questions, finds and appraises the relevant data, and harnesses that information for everyday clinical practice. Evidence-based medicine follows four steps: formulate a clear clinical question from a patient's problem; search the literature for relevant clinical articles; evaluate (critically appraise) the evidence for its validity and usefulness; implement useful findings in clinical practice. The term "evidence based medicine" (no hyphen) was coined at McMaster Medical School in Canada in the 1980's to label this clinical learning strategy, which people at the school had been developing for over a decade. (From BMJ 1995;310:1122)
All of the bold-face terms may be used for subject
searching in EuclidPLUS
(as a MeSH: Medical Subject Heading Search) or in PubMed.
All of the definitions for the bold-face terms are from MeSH,
Medical Subject Headings from the U.
S. National Library of Medicine.
If you need more information, please contact Reference at the Allen at 216.368.3640, or at the Health Center at 216.368.3218, or send us an email, (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Readily available books and journals are good starting places for research on a topic. Dictionaries and textbooks are especially helpful. Please check the items listed on Print Resources for EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE available at Case.
Catalogs are lists of materials an institution owns or to which
it has access. At Case Western Reserve University, the catalog
EuclidPLUS includes information about print and electronic materials,
both monographic and serial.
Other catalogs are:
OhioLINK Library Catalog >>
Library of Congress >>
The National Library of Medicine's LocatorPlus >>
Databases are collections of data organized for rapid search
and retrieval by a computer. In libraries they are primarily
bibliographic in nature, indexing journals, meetings and sometimes
books. An example of a database is PubMed.
Other databases are:
Clinical Queries >>
You may select from the following filters to limit your retrieval.
Clinical Study Category This specialized search query with
built-in search research methodology filters is intended for
clinicians. Four study categories or filters are provided:
therapy, diagnosis, etiology, and prognosis. Two emphasis
categories or filters are provided: sensitive search (broad)
- includes relevant articles but probably some less relevant
and specific search (narrow) - more precise articles, with
less retrieval. See the filter table for details.
Systematic Reviews This feature is provided to help health professionals
locate systematic reviews and similar articles. It combines
your search term(s) with citations identified as systematic
reviews, meta-analyses, reviews of clinical trials, evidence-based
medicine, consensus development conferences, and guidelines.
Citations from journals specializing in clinical review studies
are also included. The resulting retrieval can be further
refined using PubMed's Limits e.g., English language. (Note:
outside of the Clinical Queries screen, this subset can be
combined directly with other search terms using AND systematic
[sb]. For example, lyme disease AND systematic [sb].) Systematic
Reviews uses a customized search strategy.
Medical Genetic Searches
The Medical Genetics Searches were developed in conjunction
with the staff of GeneReviews: Genetic Disease Online Reviews
at GeneTests, University of Washington, Seattle. See the filter table for details.
EBM Reviews - ACP Journal Club >>
The ACP Journal Club Collection consists of two journals: ACP Journal Club,
a publication of the American College of Physicians, and Evidence-Based Medicine,
a joint publication with the British Medical Journal Group.
EBM Reviews - Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials >>
CCTR (formerly Cochrane Controlled Trials Register)
is a bibliographic database of definitive controlled trials. These controlled
trials have been identified by the distinguished contributors to the Cochrane
Collaboration. They and others, as part of an international effort to search
the world's health care journals (and other sources of information) systematically,
have combined results to create an unbiased source of data for systematic
reviews. Because it has been shown that existing bibliographic databases are
inadequate for the identification of all relevant studies, the Cochrane Collaboration
embarked upon this formidable task in co-operation with the National Library
of Medicine (NLM) in Washington, DC (USA) who produce MEDLINE and Reed Elsevier
of Amsterdam (the Netherlands) who produce EMBASE.
EBM Reviews - Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects >>
DARE is a Full Text database containing critical assessments of systematic
reviews from a variety of medical journals. DARE is produced by the expert
reviewers and information staff of the National Health Services' Centre for
Reviews and Dissemination (NHS CRD) at the University of York, England, and
consists of structured abstracts of systematic reviews from all over the world.
DARE records cover topics such as diagnosis, prevention, rehabilitation, screening,
EBM Reviews Full Text - Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club and DARE >>
This multifile database allows you to search simultaneously
the three Evidence Based Medicine Reviews databases: ACP Journal Club (ACP),
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR), and Database of Abstracts
of Reviews of Effects (DARE). Note that Mapping is not available in Multifile
databases. For more information on Ovid's Multifile and Deduping capabilities,
refer to the Features section of the Documentation area at Ovid Technologies
homepage at www.ovid.com.
EBM Reviews - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews >>
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (COCH)
includes the full text of the regularly updated systematic reviews of the
effects of healthcare prepared by The Cochrane Collaboration. The reviews
are presented in two types:
Complete reviews - Regularly updated Cochrane Reviews, prepared and
maintained by Collaborative Review Groups
Protocols - Protocols for reviews currently being prepared (all include
an expected date of completion). Protocols are the background, objectives
and methods of reviews in preparation.
ISI Web of
Science Citation Databases >>
For additional databases, please check the All
Research Databases at Case >> page.
Electronic Resources at Case
CHSL provides information on Electronic Books. >>
There are many links to electronic journals from the resources listed in Library Catalogs and Databases. >>
CHSL also has links to collections of Electronic Journals. >>
Evidence Based Medicine and Health Technology Assessment >> from the U. S. National Library of Medicine - you will need to scroll down the page.
National Guideline Clearinghouse >> is a public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. NGC is sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, in partnership with the American Medical Association and the American Association of Health Plans.
Evidence-based Practice >> from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality >>.
The Cochrane Collaboration >>
Canadian Cochrane Network and Centre >>
Based Medicine>> from Johns Hopkins University.
The Evidence-based Medicine Resource Center >> from the New York Academy of Medicine in partnership with the Evidence-based Medicine Committee of the American College of Physicians, New York Chapter.
Evidence-based Practice Center
NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination >>
Finding Health Sciences Information >>
This page is maintained by the Cleveland Health Sciences Library.
OhioLINK & ALAO Instruction Clearinghouse >>
There are links to online tutorials and help pages available here.
Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication >>
This is the Vancouver style for preparing manuscripts.