FRCH 399. Independent Study (1-3)
The course is for students who have special interests and commitments that are not addressed in regular courses, and who wish to work independently.


FRCH 408. The Paris Experience (3)
Three-week immersion learning experience living and studying in Paris. The focus of the course is the literature and culture of the African, Arab, and Asian communities of Paris. Students spend a minimum of fifteen hours per week visiting cultural centers and museums and interviewing authors and students about the immigrant experience. Assigned readings complement course activities. Students enrolled in FRCH 308 do course work in French. WLIT 308 students have the option of completing course work in English. Graduate students have additional course requirements than those of undergraduates.
Offered as FRCH 308, WLIT 308, FRCH 408, and WLIT 408.
Prereq: Graduate standing.


FRCH 435. Women in Developing Countries (3)
This course will feature case studies, theory, and literature of current issues concerning women in developing countries primarily of the French-speaking world. Discussion and research topics include matriarchal traditions and FGM in Africa, the Tunisian feminist movement, women, Islam, and tradition in the Middle East, women-centered power structures in India (Kerala, Pondichery), and poverty and women in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. Guest speakers and special projects are important elements of the course. Seminar-style format, taught in English, with significant disciplinary writing in English for WGST, ETHS, and some WLIT students, and writing in French for FRCH and WLIT students. Writing assignments include two shorter essays and a substantial research paper.
Offered as ETHS 335, FRCH 335, WLIT 335, WGST 335, FRCH 435 and WLIT 435.


FRCH 438. The Cameroon Experience (3)
Three-week immersion learning experience living and studying in Cameroon. The focus of the course is the culture, literature, and language of Francophone Cameroon, with some emphasis on Anglophone Cameroon. Students spend a minimum of fifteen hours per week visiting cultural sites and attending arranged courses at the University of Buea. Students will prepare a research paper. Course work is in French. To do course work in English, students should enroll in WLIT 338 or ETHS 338.
Offered as ETHS 338, FRCH 338, WLIT 338, ETHS 438, FRCH 438, and WLIT 438.


FRCH 441. Eighteenth Century French Literature (3)
Topics from the Age of Enlightenment, from libertinage to revolution. Authors and works may vary.
Offered as FRCH 341 and FRCH 441.


FRCH 451. Nineteenth-Century French Literature (3)
Romanticism, realism, and naturalism in the novel and the drama. Authors, works, and topics may vary.
Offered as FRCH 351 and FRCH 451.


FRCH 461. Twentieth-Century French Literature (3)
Study of representative novelists (e.g., Proust, Gide, Colette, Sartre, Beauvoir) and playwrights (e.g., Claudel, Beckett, Genet) in historical context. Authors, works, and topics vary.
Offered as FRCH 361 and FRCH 461.


FRCH 471. Topics in French Poetry (3)
Nineteenth- and twentieth-century poetry. Topics include French romanticism, symbolism, and surrealism.
Prereq: Graduate standing.


FRCH 472. Topics in French Drama (3)
A topical approach to issues and problems specific to drama. Plays, playwrights, aesthetic theories, and historical periods studied in this course may vary.
Offered as FRCH 372 and FRCH 472.


FRCH 473. The Novel and the Novella (3)
A study of narrative fiction focused on either the analysis of a particular genre (the novel, the short story) or a particular type of novel (e.g., psychological novel, realist novel, detective novel); the tale (the fantastic tale, the fairytale) or novella.
Offered as FRCH 373 and FRCH 473.


FRCH 474. Major Writers and Literary Movements (3)
In-depth study of the work of a major writer, filmmaker, or intellectual figure; or of a significant literary, intellectual, or artistic movement. Approaches, content, and instructor will vary.
Prereq: Graduate standing.


FRCH 475. Francophone Literature (3)
An examination of Francophone literature focused on the problematics of identity within the colonial and post-colonial context. Writers and works may vary.
Offered as FRCH 375 and FRCH 475.


FRCH 476. Women Writers (3)
Examination of important literary texts by French and Francophone women writers. Critical essays are also studied to introduce historical and theoretical perspectives.
Offered as FRCH 376 and FRCH 476.


FRCH 477. Special Topics (3)
The special topics course is designed to provide a forum for specific themes or subjects not otherwise covered in the curriculum. Approaches and content will vary. Maximum 6 credits.
Offered as FRCH 377 and FRCH 477.


FRCH 495. French Literature in Translation (3)
Topics vary according to student and faculty interest. May include Francophone literature, literature and cinema, women writers, contemporary literature. Counts toward French major only as related course. No knowledge of French required.
Offered as FRCH 395, WLIT 395, FRCH 495, and WLIT 495.
Coreq: Graduate standing.


FRCH 590. Seminar: Topics in Modern Literature and Culture (3)
French literature and culture since the Revolution of 1789. Topics vary depending on student and instructor interests; may include realism and naturalism, Proust, contemporary film, or French philosophy. Maximum 9 credits.
Prereq: Graduate standing.


FRCH 595. Independent Research (1-3)
Graded independent work on a literary topic arranged individually with the instructor.
Prereq: Graduate standing.


FRCH 601. Independent Study (1-18)
For individual students or larger groups with special interests.


FRCH 651. Thesis M.A. (6-9)
Thesis M.A. serves the graduate plan A of the Graduate Handbook.


GRMN 101. Elementary German I (4)
(Credit for GRMN 101 only upon completion of GRMN 102.) Introductory course emphasizing conversational skills. Students achieve control of the sound system and basic sentence structures of spoken and written German. Students must use the course material offered by the Online Language Learning Center in addition to class meetings.


GRMN 102. Elementary German II (4)
Continuation of GRMN 101, emphasizing conversational skills.
Prereq: GRMN 101 or equivalent.


GRMN 201. Intermediate German I (4)
Emphasizes both language and culture and is taught in German. Review of grammar and usage of German while studying texts and videotapes which focus on contemporary life in Germany.
Prereq: GRMN 102 or equivalent.


GRMN 202. Intermediate German II (4)
Continuation of GRMN 201; conducted in German. Study of texts and videotapes which focus on contemporary life in Germany.
Prereq: GRMN 201 or equivalent.


GRMN 208. The Munich Experience: Intermediate Level (3)
A semester seminar class, conducted in German, which culminates with a three-week immersion learning experience spent living and studying in Munich. Students reside with German families, study German daily in a formal setting, and practice comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Regular visits to museums, galleries, and cultural events; first-hand observation of history, life, and architecture of a major cultural center; day trips to cultural phenomena and events in the German countryside.
Prereq: GRMN 201 or equivalent. Coreq: GRMN 202.


GRMN 303. German Culture & Civilization (3)
Examines aspects of contemporary Germany, including political and social systems and cultural life through seminar discussions of texts, films, and other media. Along with oral presentations and essay tests, students must select a research topic of interest to the discipline and write an analytic essay in German on the topic.
Prereq: GRMN 202.
SAGES Dept Seminar


GRMN 308. The Munich Experience: Spring Course/Summer Study Advanced Level (3)
A semester seminar class, conducted in German, which culminates with a three-week immersion learning experience spent living and studying in Munich. Students reside with German families, study German daily in a formal setting, and practice comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Regular visits to museums, galleries, and cultural events; first-hand observation of history, life, and architecture of a major cultural center; day trips to cultural phenomena and events in the German countryside.
Prereq: GRMN 202 or equivalent.


GRMN 310. Advanced German Reading and Composition (3)
An advanced-level skills course focusing on reading and writing for students who have already studied intermediate German. Develops abilities to read authentic, unabridged texts, such as contemporary newspaper and magazine articles; readings increase progressively in length and vary in genre. Also practices composition skills by composing academic prose such as objective summaries, reviews, precis, letters, short creative texts, and analytic written forms such as short essays to produce increasingly sophisticated analytical compositions in German. Includes instruction on use of English- and German-language research tools, German-German dictionaries, and study guides. Taught in German.
Prereq: GRMN 202 or equivalent.
SAGES Dept Seminar


GRMN 311. Advanced Conversation (3)
Students work to improve fluency in spoken German. Topics include contemporary issues; current vocabulary is stressed. Students practice using speech appropriate to various situations.
Prereq: GRMN 202 or equivalent.


GRMN 312. German Proficiency Through Drama (3)
Readings begin with single scenes and progress to full length radio plays and theater plays which gradually increase in linguistic difficulty and complexity of central themes. Introduction to the elements of drama such as dialogue, character and dramatic structure, as well as the genres of tragedy, comedy, and tragicomedy. Focus: effective communication of critical, interpretative, and analytic ideas in discussion and in writing.
Prereq: GRMN 202 or equivalent.
SAGES Dept Seminar


GRMN 313. Intro to German Literature (3)
Introduction to German literature and the cultural issues it addresses. Readings include the main literary and folk genres (short texts or excerpts), gradually increasing in linguistic difficulty and complexity of central themes. They cover the major literary periods from the 18th to the 21st centuries. Focus: effective communication of critical, interpretative, and analytic ideas in discussion and in writing.
Prereq: GRMN 202 or equivalent.
SAGES Dept Seminar


GRMN 315. Business German (3)
This course is taught in German. It is designed to enhance students’ German listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through a variety of activities. It also aims at developing students’ cross-cultural awareness and communicative competence in the specialized field of German for Business and Economics in an increasingly global workplace. The course will explore German demography and economic geography; the European Union, the Euro, and Germany’s role in this union; German economic systems, industries, banking systems, advertising and sales, transportation and tourism; Germany’s corporate culture, industrial relations, codetermination in German companies, etc.
Prereq: GRMN 202 or equivalent.


GRMN 320. Topics in Narrative (3)
This course examines representative prose works (tales, novellas, short novels, letters, and essays) chosen to present reactions and impressions to social and aesthetic conditions in German-speaking countries and to introduce students to different styles and varieties of German prose.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 326. Witches, Weddings, and Wolves (3)
Intensive study of German Folk Tales as collected and altered by the Brothers Grimm. The Maerchen as both children’s and adult literature.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 330. Topics in German Cinema (3)
Overview of German Cinema from the beginning to the present. Film selection representative of major directors, major periods (such as expressionism or The New German Cinema), particular themes from different historical perspectives, and literature in film. All films are in German. Taught in German.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 340. Topics in German Drama (3)
Overview of German drama from the beginning to the present. Explores German plays by applying different disciplinary approaches such as historical, cultural, and literary analyses. All plays are in German. Taught in German.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 350. Topics in German Lyric (3)
This course presents a detailed study of German lyric through the frequent writing of critical papers and literary analysis of the formal elements of poetry: rhyme schemes, diction, meter, figures of speech. The poems selected cover a variety of styles, a range of historical periods, and a sampling of authors. Readings and discussions in German.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 360. Topics in Major German Authors (3)
Concentrates on a specific author or small group of authors within an aesthetic or historical context, for example: Goethe, Heine, Bachmann, Junges Deutschland, or die Gruppe 47. Examines the breadth of themes and styles and may include literary, philosophical, biographical, and other kinds of texts. Readings and discussions in German.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 365. German Literature in Translation (3)
Goethe defined “World Literature” (Weltliteratur) as “Intellectual Trade Relations” (geistiger Handelsverkehr). This course gives students the opportunity to study German literary works in translation and thus to trade intellectual relations with a literary culture previously unknown to them. Counts toward the German major only as a related course. No knowledge of German required.
Offered as GRMN 365 and WLIT 365.


GRMN 367. German Classicism/Romanticism (3)
Selected works of Goethe, Schiller, Hoelderlin, von Kleist, and others.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 370. Topics in Literary Periods (3)
Overview of German literary periods from the beginning to the present. Explores German literary works in all three major genres from the historical, social, and literary perspectives. All works are in German. Taught in German.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 380. Topics in Advanced German Culture Studies (3)
Exploration of the culture of the arts, political culture, and the cultural self-expression of the German-speaking countries from their beginnings to the present. Focus: The cultural changes within certain historical periods. Examination of particular aspects such as culture as mass deception in fascist Germany and the GDR, the reflection of contemporary culture in literature and cinema, problems of cultural identity and multiculturalism, and the role of postmodern culture industry and the critical discourse today. Taught in German.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 395. Special Topics in German Literature (3)
For majors and advanced students upon presentation of a written plan of investigation. Consent of department required.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 396. Senior Capstone - German (3)
The Senior Capstone in German in an independent study project chosen in consultation with a capstone advisor. The capstone project should reflect both the student’s interest within German and/or German studies and the courses he or she has taken to fulfill the major. The project requires independent research using and approved bibliography and plan of action. In addition to written research, the student will also present the capstone project in a public forum that agreed upon by the project advisor and the students.
Senior status required. Major in German required.
SAGES Senior Cap


GRMN 397. Honors Thesis I (3)
Intensive study of a literary, linguistic, or cultural topic with a faculty member, leading to the writing of a research paper in German. Limited to senior majors. Permit required.
Prereq: One 300-level GRMN course.


GRMN 398. Honors Thesis II (3)
Continuation of GRMN 397. Limited to senior majors. Permit required.
Prereq: GRMN 397.


GRMN 399. Independent Study in German (1-3)
For majors and advanced students under special circumstances. Permit required.


HBRW 101. Elementary Modern Hebrew I (4)
Credit for HBRW 101 will be received only upon completion of HBRW 102. The course objective is to enable students to develop basic communicative skills in standard Modern Hebrew. Students will become acquainted with the Hebrew alphabet and vowels, and with basic grammar and vocabulary.


HBRW 102. Elementary Modern Hebrew II (4)

The course objective is to continue to develop the students’ basic communicative skills in standard Modern Hebrew. Students will be introduced to more complex grammatical constructs, linguistic forms and vocabulary.
Prereq: HBRW 101 or consent of department.


HBRW 201. Intermediate Modern Hebrew I (4)
The course objective is to advance the students’ Hebrew communicative skills by studying the language in its cultural context. The focus will be on speaking, reading, and writing, with an emphasis on the use of the language as reflected in Israeli culture.
Prereq: HBRW 102 or consent of department.


HBRW 202. Intermediate Modern Hebrew II (4)
The course objectives are to enhance and strengthen the students’ Hebrew language skills, and to develop the ability to express thoughts, ideas and opinions freely, in both verbal and written forms.
Prereq: HBRW 201 or consent of department.


HBRW 301. Advanced Modern Hebrew I (3)
The course objectives are to enhance the students’ language skills and to develop their ability to use an advanced level of Hebrew effectively. Classes will be conducted in Hebrew, and will focus on speaking, reading, and writing with an emphasis on active and creative use of the language.
Prereq: HBRW 202 or consent of department.


HBRW 302. Advanced Modern Hebrew II (3)
The course objectives are to enhance the students’ language skills within the domain of Modern Hebrew literature, and to enable them to use their Hebrew skills to perform detailed literary analyses in Hebrew. Classes will be conducted in Hebrew.
Prereq: HBRW 301or consent of department.


HBRW 399. Independent Studies (1-3)
The course is for students with special interests and commitments that are not fully addressed in regular courses, and who wish to work independently.
Prereq: HBRW 301or consent of department.


ITAL 101. Elementary Italian I (4)
(Credit for ITAL 101 only upon completion of ITAL 102.) Introductory course; stress on mastery of the sound system and basic sentence structure of spoken and written Italian. Independent laboratory practice is a requirement.


ITAL 102. Elementary Italian II (4)
Continuation of ITAL 101; independent laboratory practice is required in addition to scheduled class meetings.
Prereq: ITAL 101.


ITAL 201. Review and Progress in Italian (4)
Emphasizes language and culture. Review of Italian grammar and usage while studying written forms. Independent laboratory practice is required in addition to scheduled class meetings.
Prereq: ITAL 102 or equivalent.


ITAL 202. Read and Discuss Italian Texts (4)
Focus on increasing proficiency acquired in elementary Italian and on mastering short narratives. Review of Italian grammar and usage through reading, conversation, and media. Independent laboratory practice is required in addition to scheduled class meetings.
Prereq: ITAL 201 or equivalent.


ITAL 308. The Italian Experience (3)
A three-week summer study abroad course spent at a university in an Italian city well-known for its cultural and linguistic heritage and at other important sites during travel. Focus: Language immersion and processing of cultural experience. Main features: 1. Intense collaboration with an Italian university. Students interact with Italian peers; seminars are co-taught by Italian faculty. 2. Creation of an individual journal that synthesizes students’ perception of and reflections on their experience, records the progress of their final project, and documents their improvement in language proficiency. 3. Final project. Students meet M-F in a formal setting for advanced language study designed to improve proficiency in speaking, comprehension, reading, and writing. They attend seminars on varied topics in literature, history, and civilization. Visits to museums, galleries, and attendance at cultural events are included.
Prereq: ITAL 202 or equivalent.


ITAL 311. Conversation in Italian (3)
Focused on oral communication, ITAL 311 is designed to enhance listening/comprehension skills in Italian. Using audio-visual materials, students acquire the skills necessary to understand conversations between native-speakers and to emulate them. The situational and functional approach to the course facilitates progress towards advanced-level fluency in Italian.
Prereq: ITAL 202 or equivalent.


ITAL 370. Special Topics in Italian Literature (3)
Special topics in Italian literature, literary criticism, and culture.
Prereq: ITAL 202 or equivalent.


ITAL 399. Independent Study (1-3)
The course is for students with special interests and commitments that are not fully addressed in regular courses, and who wish to work independently.


JAPN 101. Elementary Japanese I (4)
(Credit for JAPN 101 only upon completion of JAPN 102.) Introduction to understanding, speaking, reading, and writing Japanese. Students learn to read and write hiragana and katakana syllabaries and 50 kanji characters. Students are expected to achieve control of the sound system and basic structure of the language. Emphasizes aural comprehension and speaking.


JAPN 102. Elementary Japanese II (4)
Continuation of JAPN 101. Emphasizes aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Students learn approximately 100 new kanji characters. Recommended preparation: JAPN 101.


JAPN 201. Intermediate Japanese I (4)
Further study of fundamental structures of Japanese. Students improve aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing abilities and learn approximately 100 new characters. Recommended preparation: JAPN 102 or equivalent.


JAPN 202. Intermediate Japanese II (4)
Continuation of JAPN 201. Students learn an additional 100 kanji characters. With the completion of JAPN 201 - 202, students should have control of the fundamentals of modern Japanese and a firm foundation in the writing system. Recommended preparation: JAPN 201 or equivalent.


JAPN 225. Japanese Popular Culture (3)
This course highlights salient aspects of modern Japanese popular culture as expressed in animation, comics and literature. The works examined include films by Hayao Miyazaki, writings by Kenji Miyazawa, Haruki Murakami and Banana Yoshimoto, among others. The course introduces students to essential aspects of modern Japanese popular culture and sensibility.
Offered as JAPN 225 and WLIT 225.
Global & Cultural Diversity


JAPN 245. Classical Japanese Literature in Translation (3)
Readings, in English translation, of classical Japanese poetry, essays, narratives, and drama to illustrate essential aspects of Japanese culture and sensibility before the Meiji Restoration (1868). Lectures explore the sociohistorical contexts and the character of major literary genres; discussions focus on interpreting the central images of human value within each period. Japanese sensibilities compared to and contrasted with those of Western and other cultures.
Offered as JAPN 245 and WLIT 245.


JAPN 255. Modern Japanese Literature in Translation (3)
Focus on the major genres of modern Japanese literature, including poetry, short story, and novel (shosetsu). No knowledge of Japanese language or history is assumed. Lectures, readings, and discussions are in English. Films and slides complement course readings.
Offered as JAPN 255 and WLIT 255.


JAPN 301. Advanced Japanese I (4)
Emphasizes conversational proficiency and reading. Students must use the course material offered by the Online Language Learning Center in addition to class meetings. Recommended preparation: JAPN 202 or equivalent.


JAPN 302. Advanced Japanese II (4)
Continuation of JAPN 301; emphasizes conversational proficiency and reading. Japanese life and culture introduced through supplemental materials and activities. Students must use the course material offered by the Online Language Learning Center in addition to class meetings. Recommended preparation: JAPN 301 or equivalent.


JAPN 345. Japanese Women Writers (3)
Contributions of women writers to the literature of pre-modern and modern Japan; investigations of how their works exemplify and diverge from “mainstream” literary practices. Emphasis on the social and cultural contexts of the texts.
Offered as JAPN 345 and WLIT 345.


JAPN 350. Contemporary Japanese Texts I (3)
The primary aim of this course is to develop communication skills in Japanese based on those that the students have acquired in JAPN 302 or equivalent. The students will read and discuss various texts such as daily conversations, essays, and news scripts with the assistance of vocabulary and kanji (Chinese character) lists and formal grammar explanations. Attention also will be given to enhancing the students’ writing and aural/oral proficiencies through regularly assigned homework, presentations, tape listening, video viewing, and classroom discussion. Recommended preparation: JAPN 302 or equivalent.


JAPN 351. Contemporary Japanese Texts II (3)
This course is a continuation of JAPN 350 and its primary aim overlaps with that of JAPN 350: to develop more sophisticated communication skills in Japanese. Students will read and discuss various texts such as daily conversations, essays, and news scripts largely with the assistance of vocabulary and kanji (Chinese character) lists. Attention will be given to enhancing the students’ writing and aural/oral proficiencies through regularly assigned homework, presentations, tape listening, video viewing, and classrooms discussion.
Prereq: JAPN 350 or consent of instructor.


JAPN 355. Modern Japanese Novels and the West (3)
This course will compare modern Japanese and Western novellas, drama, and novels. Comparisons will focus on the themes of family, gender and alienation, which subsume a number of interrelated sub-themes such as marriage, home, human sexuality, amae (dependence), innocence, experience, death, God/gods, and nature (the ecosystem). Offered as JAPN 355, WLIT 355.
SAGES Dept Seminar
Global & Cultural Diversity


JAPN 396. Senior Capstone - Japanese (3)

The Senior Capstone in Japanese is an independent study project chosen in consultation with a capstone advisor. The capstone project should reflect both the student’s interest within Japanese and the courses he or she has taken to fulfill the major. The project requires independent research using an approved bibliography and plan of action. In addition to written research, the student will also present the capstone project in a public forum that is agreed upon by the project advisor and the student.
Senior status required. Major in Japanese required.
SAGES Senior Cap


JAPN 397. Honors Thesis I (3)
Intensive study of a literary, linguistic, or cultural topic with a faculty member, leading to the writing of a research paper in English or Japanese. Limited to senior majors. Permit required.


JAPN 398. Honors Thesis II (3)
Continuation of JAPN 397. Limited to senior majors.
Prereq: JAPN 397.


JAPN 399. Independent Study (1-3)
Directed study for students who have progressed beyond available course offerings.


JAPN 450. Japanese in Cultural Context I (3)
The primary aim of this graduate course is to develop sophisticated communication skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) in Japanese. The students will read and discuss various texts in the original, such as essays, news scripts, and literary works. Classroom instruction and discussion will be conducted in Japanese. The students also will be required to write a research paper of 4000-6000 letters/characters (10-15 genkoyoshi pages) in Japanese on a topic related to Japan and the student’s specialty. Recommended preparation: JAPN 351 or equivalent.


JAPN 451. Japanese in Cultural Context II (3)
This course is a continuation of JAPN 450 and it aims at a further development of sophisticated communication skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) in Japanese. The students will read and discuss various texts in the original, such as essays, news scripts, and literary works both classical and modern. Classroom instruction and discussion will be conducted in Japanese. The students also will be required to write a research paper of 6000-8000 letters/characters (15-20 genkoyoshi pages) in Japanese on a topic related to Japan and the student’s specialty. Recommended preparation: JAPN 450 or equivalent.


RUSN 101. Elementary Russian I (4)
(Credit for RUSN 101 only upon completion of RUSN 102.) Introductory course emphasizing conversational skills. Students achieve control of alphabet, sound system, and basic sentence structures in spoken and written Russian. Students must use the course material offered by the Online Language Learning Center in addition to class meetings.


RUSN 102. Elementary Russian II (4)
Continuation of RUSN 101, emphasizing audiolingual practice. Recommended preparation: RUSN 101.


RUSN 201. Intermediate Russian (4)
Furthers students’ ability in four basic language skills: understanding, speaking, reading and writing; expands knowledge of Russian grammar and vocabulary. Recommended preparation: RUSN 102.


RUSN 202. Introduction to Contemporary Civilization (4)
Continuation of RUSN 201; introduces contemporary Russian culture through readings and discussion. Recommended preparation: RUSN 201.


RUSN 311. Advanced Conversation (3)
Students work to improve fluency in spoken Russian. Topics of conversation include aspects of contemporary civilization; current vocabulary is stressed. Recommended preparation: RUSN 202.


RUSN 319. Life in Modern Russia (3)
Examines aspects of life in modern Russia, between the 1917 Revolution and the present, including political and social systems and cultural life through the study of texts, films and other media. Recommended preparation: RUSN 202.


RUSN 320. Introduction to Russian Literature (3)
Introduction to major literary movements, principal writers, and outstanding works of Russian literary works. Recommended preparation: RUSN 202 or equivalent.


RUSN 375. Russian Literature in Translation (3)
Topics vary according to student and faculty interest. May include Russian classical and modern literature, cinema, women writers, individual authors. May count towards Russian minor. No knowledge of Russian required.
Offered as RUSN 375 and WLIT 375.


RUSN 399. Independent Study (1-3)


SPAN 101. Elementary Spanish I (4)
(Credit for SPAN 101 only upon completion of SPAN 102.) Introductory course. Students achieve control of the sound system and basic sentence structures of spoken and written Spanish. Students must use the course material offered by the Online Language Learning Center in addition to class meetings.


SPAN 102. Elementary Spanish II (4)
Continuation of SPAN 101, emphasizing conversational skills. Recommended preparation: SPAN 101.


SPAN 201. Intermediate Spanish I (4)
Intensive review of grammar and usage through readings, discussions, and other activities. Recommended preparation: SPAN 102 or equivalent.


SPAN 202. Intermediate Spanish II (4)
Continues grammar review of SPAN 201. Students will study texts and cultural documents which focus on contemporary life in Hispanic countries. Recommended preparation: SPAN 201 or equivalent.


SPAN 285. The Hispanophone World (3)
A survey of the imaginative literatures in a variety of genres from the Spanish-speaking world, including texts authored by Hispanics living in the United States. The selections will help students gain a greater understanding and appreciation of the impact and adaptation of Spanish language and culture among widely diverse populations of the world over the past centuries. Counts towards Spanish major as related course. No knowledge of Spanish required.
Offered as SPAN 285 and WLIT 285.


SPAN 308. Advanced Spanish in Spain (3)
Three week study-abroad intensive course that takes place in Valladolid, Spain. The course combines the unique advantages of a total immersion environment in Spanish with a classroom curriculum that includes grammar review, conversation practice, and study of relevant cultural issues. The focus of the culture curriculum is the study of Spain’s key historical moments through the city of Valladolid and nearby communities: their literature, visual arts, films, and music. The cultural component is enhanced by visits to historic and cultural sites and museums. Four different one-hour orientation meetings during Spring semester.
Prereq: SPAN 202 or equivalent.


SPAN 309. The Buenos Aires Experience (3)
Three week study-abroad intensive course that takes place in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The course combines the unique advantages of a total immersion environment in Spanish with a classroom curriculum that includes grammar review, conversation practice, and study of relevant cultural issues. The focus of the culture curriculum is the study of the city of Buenos Aires’ history and culture through its literature, visual arts, films, and music. The cultural component is enhanced by visits to historic and cultural sites and museums. Four different one-hour orientation meetings during Spring semester.
Prereq: SPAN 202 or equivalent.


SPAN 310. Advanced Composition and Reading (3)
Designed to facilitate the transition between lower and upper division courses in Spanish, and focus upon the simultaneous development of the reading and writing skills expected of students in all advanced Spanish courses.
Prereq: SPAN 202.


SPAN 311. Advanced Spanish Conversation (3)
Engages students in conversation so that they develop oral proficiency. Short essays and newspaper articles dealing with everyday activities, socio-cultural roles and experiences, and self-awareness and life goals discussed; some literary materials discussed.
Prereq: SPAN 202.


SPAN 313. Spanish for Health Professionals (3)
Designed for students who are majoring in, or considering a major in, a health-related field. Focus on the vocabulary and expressions needed for the workplace, task-based practical skills, and grammatical structures.
Prereq: SPAN 202 or equivalent.


SPAN 314. Practice of Translation (3)
Students learn necessary skills and techniques for solving linguistic problems in translation. Texts with a variety of contents, including articles from current press, will be translated from English into Spanish and occasionally from Spanish into English.
Prereq SPAN 202.


SPAN 315. Latin American Cultural Conflicts (3)
Evolution of Latin American socioeconomic characteristics and artistic production up to the present. Class discussions of diverse literary works, social research essays, and testimonials focus on conflicting elements in class structures, ethnicity, and urban modernization as well as family ethos, religious trends, cultural identity, and educational problems.
Prereq: SPAN 202.
Global & Cultural Diversity


SPAN 316. Studies in Civilization (3)
Major historical, intellectual, and artistic influences that have shaped the evolution of Spanish civilization.
Prereq: SPAN 202.


SPAN 317. Contemporary Latin American Culture (3)
An intensive study of Latin American culture and civilization through the examination of its arts: literature, music, film, painting, photography, popular art. Designed to bring together the various strands of Latin American realities, emphasis is placed on the predominant view among Latin American intellectuals that artists and intellectuals have the power and the obligation to modify society.
Prereq: SPAN 202.
Global & Cultural Diversity


SPAN 318. Contemporary Spanish Culture (3)
Study of several key historical moments and several key aspects in contemporary Spain: Spanish civil war, Franco’s dictatorship, and democratic Spain; rural-urban differences, industrialization and migratory movements; nationalism and terrorism; foreign immigration and tourism, the cultural renaissance and the cultural wars in Madrid and Barcelona. Feature films and literary texts will illustrate the issues under study.
Prereq: SPAN 202.


SPAN 320. Introduction to Readings in Hispanic Literature (3)
Introduction to major literary movements and genres, and the works of outstanding authors of Spanish and Latin American literature through close readings and seminar-based discussions of the texts, as well as to disciplinary modes of inquiry and presentation. Requirements include active participation in seminar discussions, oral presentations, tests, and several written assignments, such as response papers, in-class writing exercises, and an analytic essay in Spanish on a research topic of interest to the discipline.
Prereq: SPAN 202.
SAGES Dept Seminar


SPAN 322. Latin American Short Story (3)
The history and development of the Latin American short story from the nineteenth century to the present. Intertextuality, rise of the Nuevo Cuento, and major characteristics of the works.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 326. The Fantastic in Latin American Prose (3)
Introduction to a distinctive trend in contemporary Latin American literature, the prose portrayal of the “fantastic,” a new narrative mode in Latin America. Critical examination of selected texts reveals new concepts of space and time and an increasing complexity of structure and style, one which juxtaposes and analyzes fantasy and reality.
Offered as SPAN 326 and SPAN 426.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 331. Spanish Golden Age Literature (3)
Through close reading and discussion of representative texts, we will study different examples of Spanish and Latin American writing from the Middle Ages, Renaissance and Baroque periods. We will stress connections between Spain and Latin America, as well as cultural and literary topics of special relevance for contemporary Hispanic cultures.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 333. Contemporary Caribbean Literature (3)
In addition to developing a general familiarity with the literature and history of this region, students will acquire an awareness of the interrelation of national identity, memory, and language in the texts produced by contemporary Caribbean authors, and of the cultural hybridity characteristic of this production. The themes treated by these authors include colonialism and postcolonialism, cultural and religious syncretism, and sexual politics.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 336. Chicana/o Literature (3)
An introduction to Chicana/o literature written after 1943. Literary history, clarification of linguistic terminology, and an examination of the cultural components of each work. Readings, discussions, and lectures in Spanish.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 339. Latin American Poetic Revolt (3)
Introduction to most important poets in contemporary Latin America, a region home to a significant number of eminent poets, including Nobel Laureates from Chile, Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda. The course focuses on detailed textual analysis of pivotal works, combined with historical-literary perspective, so students gain insight into the diverse styles and tendencies that reflect the tumultuous history of poetry’s development in a relentless search for a Latin American cultural identity.
Prereq: SPAN 320.
Global & Cultural Diversity


SPAN 340. Contemporary Latin-American Narrative (3)
Students explore the most significant narrative techniques since 1945 in Latin American fiction: Borges, Cortazar, Garcia Marquez, Vargas Llosa, Isabel Allende.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 342. Latin American Feminist Voices (3)
Examination of the awakening of feminine and feminist consciousness in the literary production of Latin American women writers, particularly from the 1920s to the present. Close attention paid to the dominant themes of love and dependency; imagination as evasion; alienation and rebellion; sexuality and power; the search for identity and the self-preservation of subjectivity. Readings include prose, poetry, and dramatic texts of female Latin American writers contributing to the emerging of feminist ideologies and the mapping of feminist identities.
Prereq: SPAN 320.
Global & Cultural Diversity


SPAN 343. The New Drama in Latin American (3)

Representative works of contemporary Latin American drama. Critical examination of selected dramatic works of twentieth-century Latin America provides students insight into the nature of drama and into the structural and stylistic strategies utilized by Latin American dramatists to create the “new theater,” one which is closely related to Latin American political history.
Prereq: SPAN 320.
Global & Cultural Diversity


SPAN 345. Hispanic Autobiographical Writing (3)
The course studies issues of self-representation through the reading of autobiographical works from different periods from Latin America, Spain, and the U.S., and of theoretical works that address topics of first-person narratives, autobiography, and sub-alternity.
Offered as SPAN 345 and SPAN 445.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 350. Spanish Fiction (3)
Narrative masterpieces from Cervantes and the picaresque (El Lazarillo) to the short stories and novels of 19th and 20th century authors.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 351. Hispanic Turn of the Century Literature (3)
Cultural and political transitions between 19th and 20th Century, between Spain and Latin America, and between literary models. Study of Spanish and Latin American writers and their literary connections (Generation of 1898, modernistas) in the context of colonial conflicts and economic changes.
Offered as SPAN 351 and SPAN 451.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 353. Transatlantic Vanguard (3)
Presentation of transatlantic tendencies of the early vanguard movements represented by poets from Spain, Central and South America. Beginning with the advent of Modernism in Latin America and Symbolism in Spain, this course will trace the development of resulting movements in the early twentieth century. Surrealism, Creationism, Futurism, Ultraism and Dadaism forged a vital link between poets and artists from the Americas and their European counterparts. We will focus on the similarities and differences between these “isms” while drawing conclusions about the uniqueness of vanguard movements on both sides of the Atlantic.
Offered as SPAN 353 and SPAN 453.
Prereq: SPAN 320.


SPAN 356. Afro-Hispanic Literature (3)
This course will survey the literary and cultural production of writers and artists of African descent in Latin America and the Caribbean, paying attention to both their creative and theoretical texts. Discussion of questions of race and ethnicity will allow students to explore the ways in which these texts reformulate the idea of national identity and cultural belonging in the context of the nation-state, whose traditional centrality is being weakened through the effects of migration and exile. Readings include works by writers from Cuba, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Peru.
Prereq: SPAN 320 or equivalent.
Global & Cultural Diversity


SPAN 358. Latin American Cinema (3)
This course is designed to introduce students to the basic tools of film analysis as well as to the major trends and movements in Latin American cinema from the 1960s to the present. Through the analysis of representative films from Latin America, the course will examine the development of a variety of cinematic styles, paying particular attention to the historical contexts in which the films were produced and to the political, cultural, and aesthetic debates that surrounded their production.
Prereq: SPAN 320 or equivalent.


SPAN 370. Special Topics in Spanish (3)
This course is designed to respond to students’ and faculty interest in specific themes or issues not otherwise covered in the curriculum. Approaches, content, and instructor will vary and this course may have a focus that crosses generic, artistic, historical, disciplinary, and geographical boundaries. The honing of analytical and interpretative skills as well as the further development of Spanish language skills also are integral objectives of this course. The class is conducted in Spanish.
Prereq: SPAN 320 or equivalent.


SPAN 385. Hispanic Literature in Translation (3)
Critical analysis and appreciation of representative literary masterpieces from Spain and Latin America, and by Hispanics living in the U.S. Texts cover a variety of genres and a range of literary periods, from works by Cervantes to those of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. The course will examine the relationship between literature and other forms of artistic production, as well as the development of the Hispanic literary text within the context of historical events and cultural production of the period. Counts toward Spanish major only as related course. No knowledge of Spanish required.
Offered as ETHS 385, ETHS 485, SPAN 385, SPAN 485, WLIT 385, and WLIT 485.


SPAN 396. Senior Capstone - Spanish (3)
The Senior Capstone in Spanish in an independent study project chosen in consultation with a capstone advisor. The capstone project should reflect both the student’s interest within Spanish and the courses he or she has taken to fulfill the major. The project requires independent research using an approved bibliography and plan of action. In addition to written research, the student will also present the capstone project in a public forum that is agreed upon by the project advisor and the student.
Senior status required. Major in Spanish required.
SAGES Senior Cap


SPAN 397. Honors Thesis I (3)
Intensive study of a literary, linguistic, or cultural topic with a faculty member, leading to the writing of a research paper in Spanish. Limited to senior majors.


SPAN 398. Honors Thesis II (3)
Continuation of SPAN 397. Limited to senior majors. Permit required.
Prereq: SPAN 397.


SPAN 399. Independent Study (1-3)
The course is for students with special interests and commitments that are not fully addressed in regular courses, and who wish to work independently.


SPAN 426. The Fantastic in Latin American Prose (3)
Introduction to a distinctive trend in contemporary Latin American literature, the prose portrayal of the “fantastic,” a new narrative mode in Latin America. Critical examination of selected texts reveals new concepts of space and time and an increasing complexity of structure and style, one which juxtaposes and analyzes fantasy and reality.
Offered as SPAN 326 and SPAN 426.


SPAN 445. Hispanic Autobiographical Writing (3)
The course studies issues of self-representation through the reading of autobiographical works from different periods from Latin America, Spain, and the U.S., and of theoretical works that address topics of first-person narratives, autobiography, and sub-alternity.
Offered as SPAN 345 and SPAN 445.


SPAN 451. Hispanic Turn of the Century Literature (3)
Cultural and political transitions between 19th and 20th Century, between Spain and Latin America, and between literary models. Study of Spanish and Latin American writers and their literary connections (Generation of 1898, modernistas) in the context of colonial conflicts and economic changes.
Offered as SPAN 351 and SPAN 451.


SPAN 453. Transatlantic Vanguard (3)
Presentation of transatlantic tendencies of the early vanguard movements represented by poets from Spain, Central and South America. Beginning with the advent of Modernism in Latin America and Symbolism in Spain, this course will trace the development of resulting movements in the early twentieth century. Surrealism, Creationism, Futurism, Ultraism and Dadaism forged a vital link between poets and artists from the Americas and their European counterparts. We will focus on the similarities and differences between these “isms” while drawing conclusions about the uniqueness of vanguard movements on both sides of the Atlantic.
Offered as SPAN 353 and SPAN 453.


SPAN 485. Hispanic Literature in Translation (3)
Critical analysis and appreciation of representative literary masterpieces from Spain and Latin America, and by Hispanics living in the U.S. Texts cover a variety of genres and a range of literary periods, from works by Cervantes to those of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. The course will examine the relationship between literature and other forms of artistic production, as well as the development of the Hispanic literary text within the context of historical events and cultural production of the period. Counts toward Spanish major only as related course. No knowledge of Spanish required.
Offered as ETHS 385, ETHS 485, SPAN 385, SPAN 485, WLIT 385, and WLIT 485.
Prereq: Graduate standing.