Case Western Reserve University affords an outstanding opportunity to pursue graduate study in Art History and Museum Studies. Enjoying the resources of a major research university that is closely affiliated with the Cleveland Museum of Art, our graduate programs provide a remarkable environment for direct acquisition of specialized knowledge as well as for professional curatorial and interpretive experience. In addition to their work with department faculty, our close collaboration with the CMA offers students unparalleled access to the museum’s collections and its comprehensive art library (the third largest art research library in the US), and opportunities to work and study with curators and museum educators.
The department’s graduates are particularly well represented in museum professions at such institutions as the Freer/Sackler Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery, Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Birmingham Museum of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Art, Toledo Museum of Art, Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, the McNay Art Museum, and the Rose Art Museum.
Our affiliation with a world-class museum encourages an intensive object-oriented course of study. Graduate students help contribute to cutting edge scholarship sponsored by the CMA in conjunction with its ongoing exhibition programs and research of its permanent collections. Through internships students receive supervised training in a variety of departments. A new program of collections seminars, to begin in 2014, will expand student opportunities to learn first-hand about the exhibitions process, by working with a curator or faculty member to plan, research, and stage an exhibition based on the CMA collections.
The department’s areas of strength include Classical, Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque, Asian, American, Modern, and Contemporary art; students benefit from small class size and close mentoring provided by faculty members. Department faculty members are active scholars with busy lecture schedules and significant publication records. They produce books, articles, and exhibition catalogues, also serving as guest curators for exhibitions worldwide. Many curators at the Cleveland Museum of Art hold adjunct faculty status, teaching as well as supervising independent projects and participating on doctoral committees.
The development of knowledge and skills at a sophisticated professional level at CWRU is greatly enhanced not only by internship opportunities at the Cleveland Museum of Art and other University Circle and Northeast Ohio gallery and museum venues, but also through a vigorous program of visiting lecturers, symposia and workshops sponsored by the Art History and Art department, the CMA, and the University’s Baker-Nord Center for the Humanities. Each year the department’s Julius Fund sponsors visits by prominent scholars in ancient, medieval and Renaissance art, while the Buchanan lecture series brings to campus leading scholars and curators who have bridged the academic and museum worlds in their career. In addition, the Graduate Art History Association sponsors the Cleveland Symposium—one of the oldest graduate symposia in art history convened in the United States—and the department fosters a distinguished alumni lecture series. Graduate students at both the doctoral and master’s level are encouraged to deliver papers at national and international conferences; to that end, the department has established the Edward Olszewski Travel Fund, which helps defray expenses associated with student travel to conferences, research libraries, and collections.
The Graduate Program offers financial assistance on a competitive basis; the major criteria for awarding fellowships and other financial aid are academic excellence and scholarly promise, but need is also taken into consideration.
Students aspiring to pursue their PhD at CWRU should expect the program to be highly selective, object-oriented in all phases of work, and accelerated in pace. For 2013 we anticipate enrolling three students, offering a financial aid package of full tuition and a $25,000 a year stipend, for five years. Doctoral students will work as teaching and research assistants in years one, two, and four, and as interns at the CMA in their third year of the fellowship.
Competitive fellowships are also offered for master’s degree students in Art History and Art History and Museum Studies. The highest awards offer full tuition and $12,000 stipends, with the requirement to work as a teaching assistant or research assistant during the fellowship period. These awards include one Cleveland Museum of Art Fellowship each year, which requires a separate statement of application. The MA student holding this fellowship works in a curatorial department at the CMA rather than as a research or teaching assistant. In addition to the standard application to the graduate program, applicants for the Cleveland Museum of Art Fellowship should provide an additional essay outlining their interest in this museum fellowship and their qualifications for it. A committee of art history faculty and Cleveland Museum of Art professionals will choose the finalist among the applicants.
OTHER SOURCES OF FUNDING
Information on student loans and work study programs is available from the Financial Aid Office, Yost Hall, Room 417A, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7049, phone: 216-368-4530.
Research and travel money is available on a competitive basis to enrolled graduate students. Requests should be submitted in writing to the departmental chair. Students who are delivering papers at the annual meetings of the College Art Association, the Midwest Art History Society and other professional meetings and graduate student symposia are normally given priority.
Pancoast Fellowships are available through the office of the Dean of Undergraduate Studies for women graduate students to fund travel and study abroad. Recent awardees in the Department of Art History and Art have taken summer language programs in Amsterdam, Florence, and Utrecht, conducted qualifing paper or dissertation research in Poland, England, and Belgium, and attended a course on Dutch and Flemish art in the collections of St. Petersburg, Russia.
PHD IN ART HISTORY
The doctoral course of study in art history at Case Western Reserve University is a distinctive program that is highly selective, object-oriented at all phases of work, and accelerated in pace. Combining the resources of Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Museum of Art, the program is designed to attract students interested in museum careers or in pursing object-oriented academic work, especially in the cultures and periods well-represented in the museum’s encyclopedic collections. During their two years of course work students will have the opportunity to work directly with a cross-institutional faculty who will teach exhibition and collections-based seminars. In their third year, all students in the doctoral program will conduct a half time, yearlong internship at the Cleveland Museum of Art, where they will be paired with specific departments. Through course work and internships, students will be engaged in all facets of museum work, including exhibition, interpretation, and acquisition-related research, in order to develop their collection-based training.
Admissions Process for the PhD Program
January 1 2014
Admission to the doctoral program presupposes a BA or MA degree in art history and reading knowledge of one approved modern language. Admission preference is given to students whose scholarly interests closely parallel those of a department faculty member, those who wish to focus on distinctive holdings in the collection of the Cleveland Museum of Art, and/or those planning to pursue topics in museum or collecting history or the history of the art market. Students whose MA was awarded more than five years prior to application for admission may be required to pass a qualifying examination and/or foreign language examination administered by the department before being admitted to full standing in the PhD program.
In addition to the standard CWRU graduate school application forms submitted online (see http://gradstudies.case.edu/prospect/admissions/apply.html for details) applicants to the graduate program in art history are required to submit a statement of purpose and two research papers in art history. Applicants who have an MA degree in art history should submit papers written during their enrollment in the MA program; if an MA thesis is complete by the time of application, it should be submitted as one of the two papers. Three letters of recommendation that highlight aspects of the student's academic and scholarly potential are also required. Whenever possible, these letters should be written by art historians, working in academe or in museum professions. Submission of Graduate Record Examination scores (GRE) is required; scores should be sent directly to CWRU.
CWRU students currently enrolled in the second year of one of the department’s MA programs or those who have graduated in the last year do not have to submit the CWRU online application or academic transcripts, or pay the application fee when applying to the PhD program. Otherwise the application requirements are consistent for both non-CWRU and CWRU applicants: a statement of purpose, three current letters of recommendation, and two research papers written while at CWRU. One letter of recommendation must be from a professor with whom you wish to continue working as a doctoral student.
All applicants whose native language is not English, or who have not received a degree from an English-speaking university, must take the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); the required minimum score is 600 if paper-based, or 100 if Internet-based.
Application decisions for the doctoral program are made in several stages. Semi-finalists will be interviewed via Skype. A ranked short list, drawn up after the interviews, will be sent to the relevant Cleveland Museum of Art curators and to Dr. Caroline Goeser, Director of Education and Interpretation at the CMA. A student will only be offered admission to the doctoral program with the agreement of the proposed CWRU primary advisor and the proposed supervising CMA curator.
PHD in Art History Degree Requirements
The basic curricular requirements as
expressed in credit hours are as follows
1. ARTH 495: Methodologies (3 hours)
2. ARTH 496: Materials, Methods, and Physical Examination of Art Works (3 hours)
3. A minimum of four graduate seminars (3 hours each) at the 500 level (12 hours). One seminar must be taken from the category of collection-based seminars.
4. Six additional courses at the 400 level or above (18 hours)
5. ARTH 610A & B: CMA Internship (6 hours)
6. A minimum of eighteen hours of ARTH 701: PhD Dissertation (18 hours)
Doctoral students must demonstrate an ability to read two approved foreign languages useful in art historical research. All language requirements must be completed before the PhD student is allowed to schedule the PhD Comprehensive Examination. German is recommended as one of the two languages for students concentrating in Western art.
Doctoral students in Asian art should enter the program with reading knowledge of at least one Asian language (Chinese, Japanese, or Korean). Prior to taking the comprehensive exam, students must demonstrate reading knowledge of two languages relevant to the student's research interests. The second language is chosen in consultation with a faculty advisor. It may be a modern Asian language, a classical Asian language, or a European language.
Both languages must be approved by the department during the first semester of doctoral study. Credit hours earned in language study may not be counted as part of the thirty-six credit hours required for the PhD in art history. The language requirement may be satisfied in the following ways:
a. With the consent of the department, an approved language accepted as part of am MA degree in art history (within three years of matriculation in the PhD program) may be accepted as fulfilling part of the PhD requirements.
b. The student may complete two semesters of BA level study in either or both approved languages with a grade of B or higher; these courses must have been taken within two years prior to matriculation or by the end of thirty-six graduate hours of art history. These courses may be taken at CWRU or elsewhere. Equivalent summer or study abroad language programs may also be used to fulfill the language requirement.
c. The student will be examined in one or both approved languages by art history faculty during the first semester of the PhD program. In the event of an unsatisfactory performance, students will be re-examined no later than the following semester.
Formal language study will be required for any student whose performance upon re-examination is unsatisfactory.PhD Qualifying Examination
PhD students are required to pass a written and oral examination before being advanced to candidacy; this examination should be taken in the third year of study. The examining committee, which consists of three faculty members, is formed by consultation with the student's advisor and must be approved by the department chair. The examination is offered in two areas:
Western art and Asian art. Students will be examined in the area of specialization in which they propose to write their dissertation. Each student must choose a major and minor field. The areas of the examination will be determined by an examining committee, chaired by the advisor, in consultation with the student. Historiography is considered an important component of all PhD exams.
Within two weeks after the written examination the faculty committee will examine the student orally. A final evaluation will be based on the student's performance in both the written and oral sections of the examination. Upon successful completion of both phases of examination the student will be advanced to candidacy and may enroll in ARTH 701 PhD Dissertation.
After completing the PhD qualifying examinations in the third year of study, the candidate, in consultation with the advisor, will prepare a written proposal for a PhD dissertation which must then be approved by a committee of three members of the University faculty appointed for that purpose and approved by the department chair. The student will present the chosen topic to the faculty and graduate student body in a lecture format preferably at the end of the third year of study, and no later than the start of the fourth year of study. Upon final approval a copy of the dissertation proposal will be placed in the student's file. The department will notify the College Art Association of the dissertation subject and working title. The PhD dissertation must be based on individual research and writing and make an original contribution to art historical scholarship.
When completed, the dissertation must be submitted to the department no later than three weeks before the expected defense date, read and approved by a faculty committee of four members, at least one of whom comes from outside the Department of Art History and Art. Interdisciplinary topics may necessitate faculty readers from a wider range of disciplines. If appropriate, an additional specialist outside the University may be included on the dissertation committee. The committee members are chosen by the advisor in consultation with the student and must be approved by the department chair. Before the dissertation can be approved and accepted, it must be successfully defended by the student in an oral examination conducted by the full committee.
All CWRU candidates for the Ph.D. degree must submit an electronic dissertation as evidence of their ability to conduct independent research at an advanced level. The dissertation must represent a significant contribution to existing knowledge in the student’s field, and at least a portion of the content must be suitable for publication in a reputable professional journal or as a book or monograph. Students must prepare their own dissertations. Joint dissertations are not permitted. The dissertation must conform to regulations concerning format, quality, and time of submission as established by the Dean of Graduate Studies. Detailed instructions on submitting an electronic version of your dissertation can be obtained from the School of Graduate Studies website.
The University has a five-year limit on enrollment for students at the 701 level, which for art history will normally start in the third year of enrollment. Initial enrollment in ARTH 701 establishes the start of the five-year limit. This is a period of five consecutive calendar years, including leaves of absence, excepting leaves for military service or maternity/paternity leave. In exceptional circumstances, additional time may be granted with the permission of the department and the Dean of Graduate Studies, and some requirements may be waived. All such requests must be made in writing, no later than the semester preceding the one in which the waiver is to be applied. Students are notified in writing by the department chair whether or not the waiver has been granted or more time allowed.
Admissions Process for the MA Programs in Art History and Art History and Museum Studies
January 1 2014
Applicants to the MA programs in art history and art history and museum studies should have a BA major or minor concentration in art history or in a related humanities field, and a minimum overall GPA of 3.5. In addition to the regular CWRU graduate school application forms submitted online (see http://gradstudies.case.edu/prospect/admissions/apply.html for details), applicants are required to submit a statement of purpose and two research papers from their undergraduate studies, preferably from art history courses. Three letters of recommendation that highlight aspects of the student's academic and scholarly potential are also required. Whenever possible, these letters should be written by art historians, working in academe or in museum professions. Submission of Graduate Record Examination scores (GRE) is required; scores should be sent directly to CWRU.
All applicants whose native language is not English, or who have not received a degree from an English-speaking university, must take the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); the required minimum score is 600 if paper-based, or 100 if Internet-based.
MASTERS IN ART HISTORY
All students in the MA Program in Art History must follow the Plan B (comprehensive examination) Master's Degree Program as described in the Case General Bulletin.
Requirements for the MA in Art History
The Master's program in art history is designed to provide the student with a broad knowledge of the major art historical periods as well as the historiography and the critical methodologies of art history. Opportunities to investigate art historical problems in some depth are provided in lecture and seminar settings. MA candidates are required to take a minimum of thirty semester hours of course credit, although more than this minimum may be required for students whose undergraduate art history background includes deficiencies. The thirty hours of course work must be taken at the 400 level or higher, and be distributed as follows:
a. ARTH 495: Methodologies (3 hours)
b. Four courses (12 hours), one each from the following areas:
4. Modern and American
5. Asian, African, and Islamic
c. Art History Electives (12 hours)
d. Qualifying Paper (3 hours) see below
At least 3 courses (or 9 credits) must be graduate seminars at the 500 level.
Prior to graduation all candidates for the MA in Art History are required to submit a qualifying paper; it may be a seminar or course paper reworked as necessary, or an independent project. The MA qualifying paper, based on individual research, should be the length of a publishable article and conform with the text and footnote format used in the Art Bulletin. The paper is written under the supervision of a faculty advisor, and is read and approved by a second member of the art history faculty. Further information regarding the Qualifying Paper is available online. Three credits registered as ARTH 489 is required.
Candidates for the MA in art history must also demonstrate a reading knowledge of one approved modern language other than English, normally French, German, Italian, Spanish, Chinese, or Japanese. The language requirement must be satisfied before the student applies to take the Master's Comprehensive Examination. It may be satisfied in one of three ways:
a. The student may submit evidence of having completed a minimum of six credit hours (two semesters) of college-level language study and achieve a grade of B or higher no later than two years before entering the MA program.
b. The student may complete a minimum of six credit hours (two semesters) of college level language study, achieving a grade of B or better. The language study must be completed by the end of the third semester in the MA program. Credit hours earned for language study may not be counted as part of the thirty hours required for the MA degree in art history. These hours may be taken at CWRU or elsewhere and official transcripts must be provided. Online courses can be used to satisfy this requirement, but the syllabus and final examination must be submitted to the department for approval.
c. The student may take a language examination (offered by the department every November and April. This one-hour examination requires translating a section of an art-historical writing in a foreign language into English; use of a dictionary is allowed. The examination is graded on a pass/fail basis, and grading is based on both the accuracy and length of the translation written by the student. In the event of an unsatisfactory performance, the exam may be taken again or the student may enroll in courses of formal language study as in option b.
After completing thirty hours of course work, students are required to take a MA Comprehensive Examination. This is a two part examination, given over two days, and consists of a slide examination requiring the identification and brief discussion of thirty works of art chosen from all fields of art history, and four essay questions, incorporating materials from at least three of the five areas defined above.
Upon completion of the foreign language requirement, the MA Comprehensive Examination, and the MA qualifying paper, students will be provided in each case with a written evaluation of their performance, with four possible results: a) High Pass, b) Pass, c) Low Pass and d) Fail. A grade of Low Pass (or higher) on both the comprehensive examination and qualifying paper or final internship project is required for the MA degree.
Only those students who achieve an overall evaluation of High Pass or the equivalent (A) on the comprehensive examination AND the qualifying paper or final internship project are eligible to be considered for admission to the PhD Program in Art History or Art History and Museum Studies. In order to apply to one of these programs, second-year MA students at CWRU should submit a statement explaining which field they would like to study and why, and make clear they have discussed this plan with their potential departmental advisor. This faculty member should also submit a letter of support, verifying their willingness to work with the applicant. The statement and letter should be submitted by January 1 to the department's Director of Graduate Studies. The student will also be required to answer two essay questions on the comprehensive exam in the area of study they plan to pursue for the doctorate.
Action will be taken on such applications (including a decision on financial aid) shortly after completion of the comprehensive exam and qualifying paper or final internship project. If accepted, the applicant may defer starting the doctoral program for one academic year if so desired, but the financial aid offer cannot be guaranteed for the next year.
All students are required to maintain good standing in the School of Graduate Studies, i.e. a minimum quality point average of 2.5 at the completion of twelve semester hours or two semesters of graduate study, and a minimum quality point average of 2.75 at the completion of twenty-one semester hours or four semesters of graduate study (For details, see the Case General Bulletin) . If a student receives two grades of C, he or she will be placed on probation. An additional C will require withdrawal from the program.
All requirements for the MA degree must be completed within five years of matriculation, including leaves of absence, excepting leaves for military service or maternity/paternity leave. Formal application for graduation must be filed at the Office of the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies not less than two months before the date of the convocation at which the candidate expects to receive the master's degree. In exceptional circumstances, some requirements may be waived with the permission of the department and/or the Dean of Graduate Studies . All requests for waiver of a requirement must be made formally, in writing, no later than the semester preceding the one in which the waiver is to be applied. Students will be notified in writing by the department chair whether or not the waiver has been granted.
MA IN ART HISTORY AND MUSEUM STUDIES
The master's program in art history and museum studies includes the same broad requirements and objectives of the master's program in art history, with additional study of art museum history, philosophy, and practices, and supervised museum internships. These internships entail work on a specific project to be outlined by the student working with museum personnel, and approved by the departmental museum studies instructor. As part of their internships students have contributed to catalogues and have helped organize exhibitions at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Interns have also worked at the Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland (MOCA), the Cleveland Clinic and other museums, galleries and corporate collections locally and elsewhere. Upon petition and with prior approval, competitively awarded summer internships at other museums may be applied toward the museum studies degree. Students recently have completed such internships at the Cincinnati Art Museum, the Sarah Campbell Blaffer Foundation, Hirshhorn Museum, and the National Gallery of Art. Basic course, language, and examination requirements are largely the same as for the MA in Art History. However, the museum internships substitute for the qualifying paper, two semesters of museum studies classes are required, and there are 9 (instead of 12) hours of electives required for the degree.
As part of the total thirty-one credit-hour course of study the following courses are required:
ARTH 490A (3 hours) and 490B (3 hours) Visual Arts and the Museum (6 hours total)
ARTH 491A (1 hour) & ARTH 491B Internship (3 hours)
JD/MA IN ART HISTORY AND MUSEUM STUDIES
The School of Law at Case Western Reserve University prepares JD students to practice law in, among other areas, the fields of intellectual property and law and the arts. The MA in Art History and Museum Studies program, coordinated by the Department of Art History and Art and the Cleveland Museum of Art, is designed to provide students with a broad knowledge of the major art historical periods, of the historiography and critical methodologies of art history, and of museological practice and history, connoisseurship, conservation, and interpretation, through course work and museum internships. The dual degree program prepares students to participate in the fields of intellectual property and law and the visual arts and provides students with an opportunity to develop expertise in areas of substantive interest.
The School of Law requires 88 credit hours of coursework, including 36 hours of required courses and an upper-class writing requirement, for the JD degree. Most of the requirements are completed during the first year of the law program; please see their website for details on this course of study, http://law.case.edu/Academics/JDCurriculum.aspx.
Students in the MA program in art history and museum studies must complete 31 hours of graduate credit, nine hours of which must be taken in the Law School to satisfy the dual JD/MA degree. In addition, students in the MA program must demonstrate a reading knowledge of one approved modern language other than English. They must also take the MA comprehensive examination at the conclusion of their art history studies.
The thirty-one hours of course work must be taken at the 400 level or higher, and be distributed as follows:
ARTH 490A Visual Arts and Museums I 3
ARTH 490B Visual Arts and Museums: II 3
ARTH 491A Visual Arts and Museums: Internship 1
ARTH 491B Visual Arts and Museums: Internship 3
ARTH 495 Methodologies of Art History 3
One course in each of the three following areas: * 9
Relevant Law School courses * 9
* Three of the courses in these two categories must be seminars.
The dual degree program requires students to complete 98 credit hours. Law students enrolled in the dual degree program may earn up to 12 credit hours toward the JD in graduate level Art History courses with the approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs in advance of enrollment. Credit will not be given for work done in such courses before the student completes the first year of law school. Dual degree students would be required to complete 22 credit hours toward the MA. Nine hours of law school coursework will count toward the 31 hours required for the MA in Art History and Museum Studies. The Department of Art History and Art liaison must approve the law school courses that will count toward the MA.
Dual degree students generally begin study in the law school and defer enrollment in the MA. program until their second year. (There may be exceptions to this general rule. In certain cases, for example, students may be permitted to take one course in the Art History department during the second semester of the first year of law school.) Students interested in completing the dual degree should consult both programs early in the process to avoid difficulties. After the first-year of law school, students may enroll in law courses or art history courses; the program will not require students to complete a specific “core” in a “dedicated” semester in the Department of Art History and Art. Completion of the dual degree program will take at least seven semesters, or three-and-a-half years of coursework.
Year 1: First year law school curriculum. (31 hours)
Year 2, 3 & 4: Mixture of courses between the two units, including 22 hours of coursework in the Art History program and the MA comprehensive examination.
Credit Hour Requirements
- Total Hours in the School of Law: 76
- Total Hours in the Art History Department: 22
- Total Hours in the Dual Degree Program: 98
Dual Degree Student Advising System
Dual degree students are advised by the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at the School of Law. In addition, dual degree students are granted priority registration for upper class courses, ensuring that they will be able to accommodate their scheduling needs in obtaining needed classes. In the Department of Art History and Art dual degree students will be advised by the Art History department liaison and the director of graduate studies.
Students wishing to enroll in the dual degree program must be separately admitted to each program. The Department of Art History and Art will waive the GRE requirement for admission to the MA program and use the LSAT in the admissions process. Applicants can apply to the dual degree program when they apply to the School of Law or after the first year of enrollment in the School of Law. Once students have been admitted, they will consult with the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at the School of Law and the Department of Art History and Art liaison to determine their appropriate course of study.
For further information:
Department of Art History and Art
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7110
Telephone: (216) 368-4118
Fax: (216) 368-4681