Revolving Sheep Bank Project
The Rural Change Project
(Under Construction)
Tibetan Street Songs
(Under Construction)

Collected Articles of Professor Melvyn C. Goldstein


The articles on this page are listed in reverse chronological order along with the contributing authors.

What to do with unmarried daughters? Modern solutions to a traditional dilemma in a polyandrous Tibetan society

Geoff Childs, Melvyn C. Goldstein, Puchung Wangdui

[In Caroline Bretell and Carolyn Sargent, eds, Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective, 6th Edition, Pearson, 2012.]

Balancing People, Policies, and Resources in Rural Tibet (.pdf)

Geoff Childs, Melvyn C. Goldstein, Puchung Wangdui

[In Eduardo S. Brondizo and Emilio F. Moran, eds, Human-Environment Interactions: Current and Future Directions, Springer Publishers. 2012]

Change and Continuity in a Nomadic Pastoralism Community in the Tibet Autonomous Region, 1959-2009
[H. Kreutzmann (ed.) Pastoral practices in High Asia, Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 257-272. 2012


Externally-resident daughters, social capital, and support for the elderly in rural Tibet (.pdf)

Geoff Childs, Melvyn C. Goldstein, Puchung Wangdui

[The Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology. 26: 1-22, 2011]

An Entrepreneurial Transition? Development and Economic Mobility in Rural Tibet (.pdf)

Geoff Childs, Melvyn C. Goldstein, Puchung Wangdui

[Himalaya. XXX(1-2):51-63, 2010]

A Translation of part of Chapter Five (“The United States Interves") from A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm Before the Storm  [in Chinese]

[Journal of China Executive Leadership Academy. Pudong(Shanghai). Xin Hua Wen Zhai, 10: 139-146, 2010.]

Bouddhisme tibétain et monachisme de masse

[In Adeline Herrou and Gisele Krauskopff (eds.) Des moines et des moniales dans le monde. La vie
monastique de la parente. Presses Universitaires de Toulouse le Mirail, publication date, 2009. [English version of paper is "Tibetan Buddhism and Mass Monasticism"]

Beijing's "People First" Development Initiative for the Tibet Autonomous Region's Rural Sector-A Case Study from the Shgatse Area"

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Geoff Childs, Puchung Wangdui

[The China Journal. 63: 57-75, January 2010.]

Comment on Winkler's interview

[Melvyn C. Goldstein -in TibetInfoNew/ Auguts 28, 2008.]

Conflcit and the Cultural Revolution: The Nyemo Incident of 1969.

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Ben Jiao, and Tanzen Lhundrup. IN F. Pirie and T. Huber (eds.) [Conflict and Social Order in Tibet and Inner Asia. Leiden: Brill, pp. 17-58, 2008.]

Going for Income in Village Tibet: A Longitudinal Analysis of Change and Adaptation, 1997 to 2007.

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Geoff Childs, Puchung Wangdui

[ Asian Survey. 48:3 (May/June), pp. 513-534, 2008.]

Modern Tibetan History, Vol. 2: The Estate System

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[University of California Press: Berkely, Los Angeles, London. 2007.]


Modern Tibetan History, Vol. 2: Conclusions

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[University of California Press: Berkely, Los Angeles, London. 2007.]


Education in the Tibetan Autonomous Region: policies and practices in rural and nomadic communities. (.pdf)
Gerard A. Postiglione, Ben Jiao, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Education Reform in China: Changing concepts, contexts and practices. Janette Ryan (ed.), Routledge. May 2006.]


The United States, Tibet, and the Cold War

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Journal of Cold War Studies. 8(2): 145-164. 2005.]

Tibetan Fertility Transitions in China and South Asia (.pdf)

Geoff Childs, Melvyn C. Goldstein, Ben Jiao, Cynthia Beall

[Population and Development Review. 31(2): 337-349, June 2005.]

Higher offspring survival among Tibetan women with high oxygen saturation genotypes residing at

4,000 m (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, Kijoung Song, Robert C. Elston, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[PNAS published September 7, 2004, 10.1073/pnas.0405949101 ( Anthropology-Social Sciences ).]

On Modern Tibetan History: Moving Beyond Stereotypes (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

In., A. McKay (ed.) [Tibet and Her Neighbours:A History. London: Edition Hansjoerg Mayer. Pp. 217 - 226, 2003.]

Development and Change in Rural Tibet, Problems and Adaptations

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Ben Jiao, C.M. Beall, Phuntso Tsering

[Asian Survey. 43(5): 758 - 779, September/October. 2003.]

Fertility and Familiy Planning in Rural Tibet (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Ben Jiao, C.M. Beall, Phuntso Tsering

[The China Journal. 47: 19-40, 2002.]

Introduction (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet: Religious Revival & Cultural Identity. Pp. 1-15. 1998.]

The Revival of Monastic Life in Drepung Monastery (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet: Religious Revival & Cultural Identity. Pp. 15-52. 1998.]

The Dalai Lama's Dilemma (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Foreign Affairs. 77(1):83 - 97. 1998.]

Quantitative Genetic Analysis of Arterial Oxygen Saturation in Tibetan Highlanders (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, K.P. Strohl, John Blangero, Sarah Williams-Blangero, G.M. Brittenham, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Human Biology. 69(5): 597-604, 1997.]

Growing Old in Tibet- Tradition, Family and Change

Melvyn C. Goldstein and Cynthia M. Beall

[Aging. Asian Experiences Past and Present. 155-176. 1997]

Basal Metabolic Rate and Dietary Seasonality Among Tibetan Nomads

C.M. Beall, J. Henry, C. Worthma, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[American Journal of Human Biology. 8: 361-370, 1996.]

Nomads of Golok, a Report

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Manuscript, 1996.]

Tibet, China and the United States: Reflections on the Tibet Question

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Occasional Paper of the Atlantic Council of the United States, pp. 72, 1995.]

Major Gene for Percent Oxygen Saturation of Arterial Hemoglobin in Tibetan Highlanders (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, J. Blangero, S. Williams-Blangero, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[AJPA. 95: 271-276, 1994.]

Change, Conflict and Continuity Among a Community of Nomadic Pastoralists (.pdf)

[Resistance and Reform in Tibet. London: Hurst & Co., 1994. pp.76-111. 1994.]

What Is Tibet? (.docx)                                                                                                                                   

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Resistance and Reform in Tibet. London: Hurst & Co., 1994.]

Income and Family Support Among Rural Elderly in Zhejiang Province, China (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Yachun Ku

[Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology. 8(3):197-223. 1993.]

High Prevalence of Excess Fat and Central Fat Patterning Among Mongolian Pastoral Nomads (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[American Journal of Human Biology. 4(6):747-756. 1992.]

Tibetan Lexicography (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[An International Encyclopedia of Lexicography. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2548-2550. 1991.]

Change and Continuity in Nomadic Pastoralism on the Western Tibetan Plateau

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Nomadic Peoples. 28: 105-23, 1991.]

Tibet: After the Fall of Chamdo (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[The Tibet Journal. 26(1): 58-95, 1991.]

Foraging Ecology of Livestock on the Tibetan Changtang: A Comparison of Three Adjacent Grazing


R.P. Cincotta, P.J. van Soest, J. B. Robertson, C.M. Beall, M.C. Goldstein

[Arctic and Alpine Research. 23(2): 149-61, 1991.]


China's Birth Control Policy in the Tibet Autonomous Region: Myths and Realities (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Cynthia M. Beall

[Asian Survey. Vol. XXXI. 3: 285-303, March 1991.]

The Dragon and the Snow Lion: The Tibet Question in the Twentieth Century (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[China Briefing. A.J. Kane (ed.), Westview Press, pp. 129-168. 1990.]

Religious Conflict in the Traditional Tibetan State

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[In "Reflections on Tibetan Culture: Essays in Memory of T.V. Wylie". L. Epstein & R. Sherburne (eds.),

Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen. Pp. 231-47, 1990.]

Household Composition of the Elderly in Two Rural Villages in the People's Republic of China (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Yachun Ku, Charlotte Ikels

[Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology. Vol. 5, No. 2. 1990.]

Traditional Nomadic Pastoralism and Ecological Conservation on Tibet's Northern Plateau

M.C. Goldstein, C.M. Beall, R.P. Cincotta

[National Geographic Research. 6(2): 139-56, 1990.]

The Remote World of Tibet's Nomads

M.C. Goldstein, C.M. Beall

[National Geographic Magazine, 175(6), June 1989.]

Freedom, Servitude and the "Servant-serf" Nyima: a re-rejoinder to Miller (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[The Tibet Journa Vol. XIV No.2:56-60. 1989.]

The Impact of China's Reform Policy on the Nomads of Western Tibet

M.C. Goldstein, C.M. Beall

[Asian Survey. 29(6): 619-41, 1989.]

Hemoglobin Concentration of High-Altitude Tibetans and Bolivian Aymara (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, G.M. Brittenham, K.P. Strohl, J. Blangero, S. Williams-Blangero,Melvyn C. Goldstein, M.J. Decker, E. Vargas, M. Villena, R. Soria, C. Gonzales
[American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 106: 385-400, 1988.]

Sociocultural Influences on the Working Capacity of Elderly Nepali Men (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Capacity for Work in the Tropics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 215-226. 1988.]

On The Nature Of The Tibetan Peasantry : a rejoinder (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[The Tibet Journal:61-65. 1987.]

Anthropological Fieldwork in Tibet Studying Nomadic Pastoralists on the Changtang

C.M. Beall, Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Himalaya, the Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies:. 7(1):1-4, 1987.]

When Brothers Share A Wife

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Updated 2011 with author's note. Anthropology. 12/13. pp 74-78]

[Natural History. 96(3):109-112, 1987.]

Hemoglobin Concentration of Pastoral Nomads Permanently Resident at 4,950-5,450 Meters in Tibet (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, M.C. Goldstein

[AJPA. 73: 433-439, 1987.]

Reexamining Choice, Dependency and Command In The Tibetan Social System: 'Tax Appendages'

and Other Landless Serfs" (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[The Tibet Journal XI. No.4:79-113, 1986.]

Family Change, Caste, and the Elderly in a Rural Locale in Nepal (.pdf)

M.C. Goldstein, C.M. Beall

[Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology. 1(3): 305-317. 1986.]

Age Differences in Sensory and Cognitive Function in an Elderly Non-Western Population (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, M.C. Goldstein

[Journal of Gerontology. 41(3): 387-389. 1986.]

The Proximate Determinants of Fertility in the Kathmandu Valley Nepal (.pdf)

J.L. Ross, J. Blangero, M.C. Goldstein, S. Schuler

[Journal of Biosocial Research. 18(2). 1986.]

Studying Nomads on the Tibetan Plateau (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein and Cynthia M. Beall

[China Exchange News. 14(4). 1986]

Barriers to Effective Family Planning (.pdf)

S. Schuler, N. MacIntosh, M.C. Goldstein

[Studies in Family Planning. Vol. 16(5): 260-270. 1985.]

Tibetan Buddhist Monasticism: Social, Psychological & Cultural Implications (.pdf)

M.C. Goldstein, P. Tsarong

[The Tibet Journal. 10(1): 14-31, 1985.]

Social Structure and Intracohort Variation in Physical Fitness Among Elderly Males in a Traditional Third World Society (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, M.C. Goldstein, E.S. Feldman

[Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 33(6): 406-412. 1985.]

Review of Levine's "The Dynamics of Polyandry"

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Anthropos. 85. 1985]

On Studying Fertility at High Altitude: A Rejoinder to Hoff (.pdf)

Goldstein, Melvyn C.;Beall, Cynthia M.; and Tsarong, Paljor
[American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 86, No. 2 (Jun., 1984), pp. 419-423]

An Anthropological Approach to the Study of Illness Behavior in an Urban Community (.pdf)

J.K. Eckert, M.C. Goldstein

[Urban Anthropology. Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 125-138. 1983.]

From a Mountain/Rural to Plains/Urban Society: Implications of the 1981 Nepalese Census (.pdf)

M.C. Goldstein, J.L. Ross, S. Schuler

[Mountain Research and Development. Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 61 - 64. 1983.]

High Altitude Hypoxia, Culture, and Human Fecundity/Fertility: A Comparative Study (.pdf)

M.C. Goldstein, P. Tsarong, C.M. Beall

[American Anthropologist. Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 61-64. 1983.]

Social and Economic Forces Affecting Intergenerational Relations in Extended Families in a Third World Country: A Cautionary Tale from South Asia (.pdf)

M.C. Goldstein, S. Schuler, and J. L. Ross

[Journal of Gerontology. Vol. 38, pp. 716-24. 1983]

Indirect Modernization and the Status of the Elderly in a Rural Third World Setting (.pdf)

M.C. Goldstein, C.M. Beall

[Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology. 37(6): 743 - 748. 1982.]

Lhasa Street Songs: Political and Social Satire in Traditional Tibet (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[The Tibet Journal: 56-66. 1982.]

Biological Function, Activity, and Dependency Among Elderly Sherpa in the Nepal Himalayas (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, M.C. Goldstein

[Social Science & Medicine. Vol. 16: 135 - 140. Great Britain: Pergamon Press, Inc.,   


Work, Aging, and Dependency in a Sherpa Population in Nepal (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, M.C. Goldstein

[Social Science & Medicine. Vol. 16: 141 - 147. Great Britain: Pergamon Press, Inc.,   


New Perspectives on Tibetan Fertility and Population Decline (.pdf) 

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[American Ethnologist. 8 (4): 721-729, 1981.]

Modernization and Aging in the Third and Fourth World: Views from the Rural Hinterland in Nepal (.pdf)

M.C. Goldstein, C.M. Beall

[Human Organization. Vol. 40. 1:48 - 55. Society for Applied Anthropology, 1981.]

Fraternal Polyandry in N.W. Nepal: A Test of Sociobiological Theory (.pdf)

C.M. Beall, M.C. Goldstein

[American Anthropologist. 83(1): 5 - 12. 1981.]

The Transformation of the Social Matrix of Tibetan Populations in the High Himalaya (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Environmental and Human Population Problems at High Altitude. Pp 101-105. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris. 1981.]

High Altitude Tibetan Populations in the Remote Himalaya: Social Transformations and its Demographic, Economic, and Ecological Consequences (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Mountain Research and Development. 1(1):5-18. 1981.]

Adjudication and Partition in the Tibetan Stem Family (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[D. Buxbaum (ed.), Chinese Family Law and Social Change in Historical and Contemporary Perspective. Seattle, WA.

University of Washington Press. 205-214, 1978.]

Pahari and Tibetan Polyandry Revisited

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Ethnology. 17(3): 325-327, 1978.]

Fraternal Polyandry and Fertility in a High Himalayan Valley in N.W. Nepal

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Human Ecology. 4(3): 223-233, 1976.]

A Report on Limi Panchayat, Humla District, Karnali Zone

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Contributions to Nepalese Studies. Vol. 2 No. 2: 89-101, 1975.]

Preliminary Notes on Marriage and Kinship Among the Sherpa of Helambu and Solo-Khumba and

Lhasa Tibetans

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Contributions to Nepalese Studies. Vol. 2, No. 1: 57-70, 1975.]

Tibetan Speaking Agro-Pastoralists of Limi: A Cultural Ecology Overview of High Altitude Adaptation in

the Northwest Himalaya (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Objets Et Mondes. 14(4): 259-286, 1974.]

The Circulation of Estates in Tibet: Reincarnation, Land and Politics (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Journal of Asia Studies. Vol. XXXII NO. 3, May 1973, pg. 445-455.]

The Balance Between Centralization and Decentralization in the Traditional Tibetan Political System (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Central Asiatic Journal. 15(3): 170-182. 1971.]

Stratification, Polyandry, and Family Structure in Central Tibet

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Southwestern Journal of Anthropology. 27(1): 64-74, 1971.]

Serfdom and Mobility: An Examination of the Institution of "Human Lease" in Traditional Tibetan Society (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[The Journal of Asian Studies. 30(3): 521-534. 1971.]

Taxation and the Structure of a Tibetan Village (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Central Asiatic Journal. 15(1):1-27. 1971.]

A Study of the Ldab Ldob (.pdf)

Melvyn C. Goldstein

[Central Asiatic Journal. 9(2): 125-41, 1964.]